Project

alt_memery

0.0
No release in over a year
Alt Memery is a gem for memoization. It's a fork of Memery with implementation via `UnboundMethod` instead of `prepend Module`.
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 Dependencies

Development

~> 0.2.0
~> 0.5.0
~> 3.0
~> 1.0
~> 0.20.0
~> 0.11.0

Runtime

 Project Readme

Alt Memery

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Alt Memery allows to memoize methods return values.

The native simplest memoization in Ruby looks like this:

def user
  @user ||= User.find(some_id)
end

But if you want to memoize falsy values — you have to use defined? instead of ||=:

def user
  return @user if defined?(@user)

  @user = User.find(some_id)
end

But with memoization gems, like this one, you can simplify your code:

memoize def user
  User.find(some_id)
end

Also, you're getting additional features, like conditions of memoization, time-to-live, handy memoized values flushing, etc.

Alt?

It's a fork of Memery gem. Original Memery uses prepend Module.new with memoized methods, not touching original ones. This approach has advantages, but also has problems, see discussion here: tycooon#1

So, this fork uses UnboundMethod as I've suggested in the PR above.

Difference with other gems

Such gems like Memoist override methods. So, if you want to memoize a method in a child class with the same named memoized method in a parent class — you have to use something like awkward identifier: argument. This gem allows you to just memoize methods when you want to.

Note how both method's return values are cached separately and don't interfere with each other.

The other key difference is that it doesn't change method's arguments (no extra param like reload). If you need to get unmemoize result of method — just call the #clear_memery_cache! method with needed memoized method names:

a.clear_memery_cache! :foo, :bar

Without arguments, #clear_memery_cache! will clear the whole instance's cache.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'alt_memery'

And then execute:

bundle install

Or install it yourself as:

gem install alt_memery

Usage

class A
  include Memery

  memoize def call
    puts "calculating"
    42
  end

  # or:
  # def call
  #   ...
  # end
  # memoize :call
end

a = A.new
a.call # => 42
a.call # => 42
a.call # => 42
# Text will be printed only once.

a.call { 1 } # => 42
# Will print because passing a block disables memoization

Methods with arguments are supported and the memoization will be done based on arguments using an internal hash. So this will work as expected:

class A
  include Memery

  memoize def call(arg1, arg2)
    puts "calculating"
    arg1 + arg2
  end
end

a = A.new
a.call(1, 5) # => 6
a.call(2, 15) # => 17
a.call(1, 5) # => 6
# Text will be printed only twice, once per unique argument list.

For class methods:

class B
  class << self
    include Memery

    memoize def call
      puts "calculating"
      42
    end
  end
end

B.call # => 42
B.call # => 42
B.call # => 42
# Text will be printed only once.

For conditional memoization:

class A
  include Memery

  attr_accessor :environment

  def call
    puts "calculating"
    42
  end

  memoize :call, condition: -> { environment == 'production' }
end

a = A.new
a.environment = 'development'
a.call # => 42
# calculating
a.call # => 42
# calculating
a.call # => 42
# calculating
# Text will be printed every time because result of condition block is `false`.

a.environment = 'production'
a.call # => 42
# calculating
a.call # => 42
a.call # => 42
# Text will be printed only once because there is memoization
# with `true` result of condition block.

For memoization with time-to-live:

class A
  include Memery

  def call
    puts "calculating"
    42
  end

  memoize :call, ttl: 3 # seconds
end

a = A.new
a.call # => 42
# calculating
a.call # => 42
a.call # => 42
# Text will be printed again only after 3 seconds of time-to-live.
# 3 seconds later...
a.call # => 42
# calculating
a.call # => 42
a.call # => 42
# another 3 seconds later...
a.call # => 42
# calculating
a.call # => 42
a.call # => 42

Check if method is memoized:

class A
  include Memery

  memoize def call
    puts "calculating"
    42
  end

  def execute
    puts "non-memoized"
  end
end

a = A.new

a.memoized?(:call) # => true
a.memoized?(:execute) # => false

If you want to see memoized method source:

class A
  include Memery

  memoize def call
    puts "calculating"
    42
  end
end

# This will print memoization logic, don't use it.
# The same for `show-source A#call` in `pry`.
puts A.instance_method(:call).source

# And this will work correctly.
puts A.memoized_methods[:call].source

But if a memoized method has been defined in an included module — it'd be a bit harder:

module A
  include Memery

  memoize def foo
    'source'
  end
end

module B
  include Memery
  include A

  memoize def foo
    "Get this #{super}!"
  end
end

class C
  include B
end

puts C.instance_method(:foo).owner.memoized_methods[:foo].source
# memoize def foo
#   "Get this #{super}!"
# end

puts C.instance_method(:foo).super_method.owner.memoized_methods[:foo].source
# memoize def foo
#   'source'
# end

Development

After checking out the repo, run bundle install to install dependencies.

Then, run toys rspec to run the tests.

To install this gem onto your local machine, run toys gem install.

To release a new version, run toys gem release %version%. See how it works here.

Contributing

Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at https://github.com/AlexWayfer/alt_memery.

License

The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.