A long-lived project that still receives updates
The most popular HTML, CSS, and JavaScript framework for developing responsive, mobile first projects on the web. http://getbootstrap.com



>= 2.11.8, < 3
 Project Readme

Bootstrap Ruby Gem CI Gem

Bootstrap 5 ruby gem for Ruby on Rails (Sprockets/Importmaps) and Hanami (formerly Lotus).

For Sass versions of Bootstrap 3 and 2 see bootstrap-sass instead.

Ruby on Rails Note: Newer releases of Rails have added additional ways for assets to be processed. The twbs/bootstrap-rubygem is for use with Importmaps or Sprockets, but not Webpack.


Please see the appropriate guide for your environment of choice:

  • Ruby on Rails 4+ or other Sprockets environment.
  • Other Ruby frameworks not on Rails.

a. Ruby on Rails

Add bootstrap to your Gemfile:

gem 'bootstrap', '~> 5.3.3'

This gem requires a Sass engine, so make sure you have one of these two gems in your Gemfile:

Also ensure that sprockets-rails is at least v2.3.2.

bundle install and restart your server to make the files available through the pipeline.

Import Bootstrap styles in app/assets/stylesheets/application.scss:

// Custom bootstrap variables must be set or imported *before* bootstrap.
@import "bootstrap";

The available variables can be found here.

Make sure the file has .scss extension (or .sass for Sass syntax). If you have just generated a new Rails app, it may come with a .css file instead. If this file exists, it will be served instead of Sass, so rename it:

$ mv app/assets/stylesheets/application.css app/assets/stylesheets/application.scss

Then, remove all the *= require and *= require_tree statements from the Sass file. Instead, use @import to import Sass files.

Do not use *= require in Sass or your other stylesheets will not be able to access the Bootstrap mixins and variables.

Bootstrap JavaScript can optionally use jQuery. If you're using Rails 5.1+, you can add the jquery-rails gem to your Gemfile:

gem 'jquery-rails'

Bootstrap tooltips and popovers depend on popper.js for positioning. The bootstrap gem already depends on the popper_js gem.


You can pin either bootstrap.js or bootstrap.min.js in config/importmap.rb as well as popper.js:

pin "bootstrap", to: "bootstrap.min.js", preload: true
pin "@popperjs/core", to: "popper.js", preload: true

Whichever files you pin will need to be added to config.assets.precompile:

# config/initializers/assets.rb
Rails.application.config.assets.precompile += %w(bootstrap.min.js popper.js)


Add Bootstrap dependencies and Bootstrap to your application.js:

//= require jquery3
//= require popper
//= require bootstrap-sprockets

While bootstrap-sprockets provides individual Bootstrap components for ease of debugging, you may alternatively require the concatenated bootstrap for faster compilation:

//= require jquery3
//= require popper
//= require bootstrap

b. Other Ruby frameworks

If your framework uses Sprockets or Hanami, the assets will be registered with Sprockets when the gem is required, and you can use them as per the Rails section of the guide.

Otherwise you may need to register the assets manually. Refer to your framework's documentation on the subject.


Sass: Autoprefixer

Bootstrap requires the use of Autoprefixer. Autoprefixer adds vendor prefixes to CSS rules using values from Can I Use.

If you are using bootstrap with Rails, autoprefixer is set up for you automatically. Otherwise, please consult the Autoprefixer documentation.

Sass: Individual components

By default all of Bootstrap is imported.

You can also import components explicitly. To start with a full list of modules copy _bootstrap.scss file into your assets as _bootstrap-custom.scss. Then comment out components you do not want from _bootstrap-custom. In the application Sass file, replace @import 'bootstrap' with:

@import 'bootstrap-custom';