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A long-lived project that still receives updates
Modify your ENV
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 Project Readme

Climate Control

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Easily manage your environment.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'climate_control'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install climate_control

Usage

Climate Control can be used to temporarily assign environment variables within a block:

ClimateControl.modify CONFIRMATION_INSTRUCTIONS_BCC: 'confirmation_bcc@example.com' do
  sign_up_as 'john@example.com'

  confirm_account_for_email 'john@example.com'

  expect(current_email).to bcc_to('confirmation_bcc@example.com')
end

To modify multiple environment variables:

ClimateControl.modify CONFIRMATION_INSTRUCTIONS_BCC: 'confirmation_bcc@example.com',
                      MAIL_FROM: 'us@example.com' do
  sign_up_as 'john@example.com'

  confirm_account_for_email 'john@example.com'

  expect(current_email).to bcc_to('confirmation_bcc@example.com')
  expect(current_email).to be_from('us@example.com')
end

To use with RSpec, you could define this in your spec:

def with_modified_env(options = {}, &block)
  ClimateControl.modify(options, &block)
end

This would allow for more straightforward way to modify the environment:

require 'spec_helper'

describe Thing, 'name' do
  it 'appends ADDITIONAL_NAME' do
    with_modified_env ADDITIONAL_NAME: 'bar' do
      expect(Thing.new.name).to eq('John Doe Bar')
    end
  end

  def with_modified_env(options, &block)
    ClimateControl.modify(options, &block)
  end
end

To modify the environment for an entire set of tests in RSpec, use an around block:

describe Thing, 'name' do
  # ... tests

  around do |example|
    ClimateControl.modify FOO: 'bar' do
      example.run
    end
  end
end

Environment variables assigned within the block will be preserved; essentially, the code should behave exactly the same with and without the block, except for the overrides. Transparency is crucial because the code executed within the block is not for ClimateControl to manage or modify. See the tests for more detail about the specific behaviors.

Why Use Climate Control?

By following guidelines regarding environment variables outlined by the twelve-factor app, testing code in an isolated manner becomes more difficult:

  • avoiding modifications and testing values, we introduce mystery guests
  • making modifications and testing values, we introduce risk as environment variables represent global state

Climate Control modifies environment variables only within the context of the block, ensuring values are managed properly and consistently.

Thread-safety

When using threads, for instance when running tests concurrently in the same process, you may need to wrap your code inside ClimateControl.modify blocks, e.g.:

first_thread = Thread.new do
  ClimateControl.modify(SECRET: "1") do
    p ENV["SECRET"] # => "1"
    sleep 2
    p ENV["SECRET"] # => "1"
  end
end

second_thread = Thread.new do
  ClimateControl.modify({}) do
    sleep 1
    p ENV["SECRET"] # => nil
    sleep 1
    p ENV["SECRET"] # => nil
  end
end

first_thread.join
second_thread.join

The modification wraps ENV in a mutex. If there's contention (the env being used - including potentially mutating values), it blocks until the value is freed (we shift out of the Ruby block).

Josh Clayton

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

This project uses StandardRB to ensure formatting.

License

climate_control is copyright 2012-2021 Joshua Clayton and thoughtbot, inc. It is free software and may be redistributed under the terms specified in the LICENSE file.

About thoughtbot

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climate_control is maintained and funded by thoughtbot, inc. The names and logos for thoughtbot are trademarks of thoughtbot, inc.

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