Project

fetch-api

0.0
The project is in a healthy, maintained state
Something like the Fetch API for Ruby
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 Project Readme

Fetch::API

Ruby's Net::HTTP is very powerful, but has a complicated API. OpenURI is easy to use, but has limited functionality. Third-party HTTP clients each have different APIs, and it can sometimes be difficult to learn how to use them.

There is one HTTP client that we can all use. It is the browser's Fetch API. Fetch::API is an HTTP client for Ruby that can be used in a way that is similar to the Fetch API.

This is not intended to be a complete copy of the Fetch API. For example, responses are returned synchronously rather than asynchronously, as that is more familiar behavior for Ruby programmers. It is only "like" the Fetch API.

Installation

Install the gem and add to the application's Gemfile by executing:

$ bundle add fetch-api

If bundler is not being used to manage dependencies, install the gem by executing:

$ gem install fetch-api

Usage

Basic

require 'fetch-api'

res = Fetch::API.fetch('https://example.com')

# res is a Fetch::Response object
puts res.body

or

require 'fetch-api'

include Fetch::API

res = fetch('https://example.com')

Options for fetch method:

  • method: HTTP method (default: :get)
  • headers: Request headers (default: [])
  • body: Request body (default: nil)
  • redirect: Follow redirects (one of :follow, :error, :manual, default: :follow)

Methods of Fetch::Response object:

  • body: Response body (String)
  • headers: Response headers
  • ok: Whether the response was successful or not (status code is in the range 200-299)
  • redirected: Whether the response is the result of a redirect
  • status: Status code (e.g. 200, 404)
  • status_text: Status text (e.g. 'OK', 'Not Found')
  • url: Response URL
  • json(**args): An object that parses the response body as JSON. The arguments are passed to JSON.parse

Post JSON

res = fetch('http://example.com', **{
  method: :post,

  headers: {
    'Content-Type' => 'application/json'
  },

  body: {
    name: 'Alice'
  }.to_json
})

Post application/x-www-form-urlencoded

res = fetch('http://example.com', **{
  method: :post,

  body: Fetch::URLSearchParams.new(
    name: 'Alice'
  )
})

Post multipart/form-data

res = fetch('http://example.com', **{
  method: :post,

  body: Fetch::FormData.build(
    name: 'Alice',
    file: File.open('path/to/file.txt')
  )
})

Connection pooling

Fetch::API automatically pools and reuses connections to the same origin. Connections are closed after a certain amount of time has passed since the last use, and a new connection is used the next time. Different connections are returned for different threads (in other words, Fetch::API is thread-safe).

These values can be configured as follows (in seconds):

Fetch.configure do |config|
  config.connection_max_idle_time = 30 # default
end

Customizing connection

If the lambda is set to Fetch.config.on_connection_create, it is called before the connection is initiated. The arguments are a Net::HTTP instance and a URI object. Note that Net::HTTP#use_ssl is automatically set according to the URL schema.

Fetch.configure do |config|
  config.on_connection_create = -> (conn, uri) {
    if uri.host == 'example.com'
      conn.open_timeout = 5
      conn.read_timeout = 5
    end
  }
end

Development

After checking out the repo, run bin/setup to install dependencies. Then, run rake spec to run the tests. You can also run bin/console for an interactive prompt that will allow you to experiment.

To install this gem onto your local machine, run bundle exec rake install. To release a new version, update the version number in version.rb, and then run bundle exec rake release, which will create a git tag for the version, push git commits and the created tag, and push the .gem file to rubygems.org.

Contributing

Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at https://github.com/ursm/fetch-api.

License

The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.