0.0
The project is in a healthy, maintained state
Sync pupperserver envs with foreman
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
 Dependencies
 Project Readme

foreman_envsync

A highly opinionated utility to sync foreman puppet environments with the set of environments known to a puppetserver instance without also importing the classes within those puppet environments.

The Problem

When using r10k with the Dynamic Environments pattern in concert with foreman as an ENC, it is highly desirable for new environments to automatically appear within foreman. Foreman has a built in "import environments" feature which triggers a poll of a puppetserver's known environments. Foreman's hammer CLI has the ability to trigger an import of all environments (and classes) with the proxy import-classes sub-sub-command. E.g.:

/bin/hammer proxy import-classes --id=1

r10k provides a hook to run a shell commands after completing an environment build, which can be used to invoke hammer. E.g.:

---
:postrun: ["/bin/hammer", "proxy", "import-classes", "--id=1"]

This automation setup is known to work reasonable well on a VM hosting both foreman 2.4.0 + puppetserver 6.15.3 provisioned with 16 x64 cores / 32GiB RAM / SSD storage under the following conditions:

  • The puppetserver environment class cache is enabled.
  • The number of puppet environments is relatively small. I.e. <= 10
  • [Probably?] The environments are of moderate complexity. I.e. < ~100 modules
  • r10k is triggering an import via hammer 10s of times per day.

However, it has been observed that all foreman puma workers (regardless of the number configured) will over time creep up to consume 100% of a core, interactivity via the www console is abysmal, and environment import may fail completely when:

  • The puppetserver environment class cache is disabled.
  • The puppet environments have > 100 modules.
  • r10k is triggering an import via hammer 10s of times per day.
  • There are > 10 puppet environments.

Distressingly, when the puppetserver environment cache is disabled, even a small number of puppet agent hosts (~10) will trigger foreman to consume all available CPU cores. Reducing the number of puppet environments to < 10 is helpful but not a guarantee that an environment/class import will succeed. It was observed that above 40 environments, an import is virtually guaranteed to fail.

What Is The Malfunction?

Disclaimer: This is essentially speculation based on observed behavior and isn't backed up by careful inspection of the code.

From external observation of foreman's behavior, it appears that there is a strong built-in assumption that the puppetserver environment class cache is always enabled and ETags will turn most queries for the classes in an environment into essentially a no-op.

When a foreman environment import is triggered, foreman not only enumerates puppetserver's set of known environments via the /puppet/v3/environments API endpoint, it also queries for all the classes within an environment using /puppet/v3/environment_classes. When the environment class cache is disabled the time for this query to return seems to be highly variable for the test environment with response times ranging from a few seconds to over 30s per environment. This means that an import cycle with many environments can take 10s of minutes. It appears that something in this process causes foreman's puma workers to consume 100% of a CPU. It isn't known if this is busy waiting, parsing the class list, or something else all together.

Compounding the extremely slow performance caused by bulk environment importation, foreman also is calling /puppet/v3/environment_classes when it is invoked as an ENC. This means that every puppet agent run results in a puppetserver instance compiling an environment to provide a class list to foreman and then again after ENC/fact data has been supplied to create a catalog for the agent.

To add insult to injury, in this situation the foreman enc is used solely to supply parameters and never for class inclusion. All of the effort to produce environment class lists and parsing them is completely wasted.

How Does This Thing Help?

foreman_envsync directly obtains the list of puppet environments from puppetserver without requesting class information. It then removes any environments which are present in foreman but not within puppetserver. If there are any unknown-to-foreman environments, then are created as members of all foreman organizations and locations. This completely avoids foreman having to wait on puppetserver to provide class lists and parsing them.

Narrow Use-case

This utility is opinionated and has many hard-coded assumptions. Including:

  • It is being installed on Centos 7.
  • Foreman and puppetserver are installed on the same host.
  • Foreman has been installed via foreman-installer / puppet code.
  • The puppetserver TLS related files are in the standard Puppetlabs locations.
  • hammer CLI has been installed and pre-configure with credentials.
  • "new" puppet environments should be visible to all foreman organizations and locations.

Obvious Improvements

foreman_envsync is shelling out to invoke hammer. It should probably be converted to be a hammer plugin.

It probably makes sense to use foreman-proxy rather than connecting to puppetserver directly as it avoid needing to deal with TLS authentication.

It would be fantastic if foreman's puppet integration was better able to handle the environment class cache being disabled. Including:

  • Not requesting an environment's class list any time the ENC functionality was invoked.
  • A configuration setting to completely disable class handling when it is not needed.
  • An option to import environments only (similar to foreman_envsync).
  • A configuration setting to disable the "import environments" feature which also requests class lists.

Installation

This gem is currently intended to provide foreman_envsync CLI utility and not for use as a library.

It is recommend that it is installed into the foreman tfm SCL and that all dependencies are ignore to avoid disrupting foreman. It is expected to function with foremans' gem deps at least as of foreman 2.4.0.

scl enable tfm -- gem install --bindir /bin --ignore-dependencies --no-ri --no-rdoc --version 0.1.4 foreman_envsync

If dependencies need to be installed, the ruby devel package a compiler will be needed. E.g.:

yum install -y rh-ruby25-ruby-devel devtoolset-7
scl enable devtoolset-7 tfm -- gem install --bindir /bin --ignore-dependencies --no-ri --no-rdoc --version 0.1.4 foreman_envsync

r10k Config

It is is highly recommend that the systemd-cat utility to be used when configuring the postrun hook in /etc/puppetlabs/r10k/r10k.yaml so that status output is logged. E.g.:

---
:postrun: ["/bin/scl", "enable", "tfm", "--", "systemd-cat", "-t", "foreman_envsync", "/bin/foreman_envsync", "--verbose"]

Example of output in the journal when using systemd-cat:

Jun 08 23:00:38 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: found 13 puppetserver environment(s).
Jun 08 23:00:38 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: ---
Jun 08 23:00:38 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2978_foreman_tuning_ruby
Jun 08 23:00:38 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2953_dds_debugging
Jun 08 23:00:38 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2907_tu_reip
Jun 08 23:00:38 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - production
Jun 08 23:00:38 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - coredev_production
Jun 08 23:00:38 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2978_foreman_tuning
Jun 08 23:00:38 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2373_velero
Jun 08 23:00:38 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2949_poc_encrypt
Jun 08 23:00:38 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2452_pagerduty
Jun 08 23:00:38 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2471_opsgenie
Jun 08 23:00:38 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2879_ipam
Jun 08 23:00:38 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2935_pathfinder_hcu01
Jun 08 23:00:38 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2987_rpi_puppet
Jun 08 23:00:39 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: found 13 foreman environment(s).
Jun 08 23:00:39 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: ---
Jun 08 23:00:39 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - coredev_production
Jun 08 23:00:39 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2373_velero
Jun 08 23:00:39 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2452_pagerduty
Jun 08 23:00:39 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2471_opsgenie
Jun 08 23:00:39 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2879_ipam
Jun 08 23:00:39 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2907_tu_reip
Jun 08 23:00:39 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2935_pathfinder_hcu01
Jun 08 23:00:39 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2949_poc_encrypt
Jun 08 23:00:39 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2953_dds_debugging
Jun 08 23:00:39 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2978_foreman_tuning
Jun 08 23:00:39 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2978_foreman_tuning_ruby
Jun 08 23:00:39 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - IT_2987_rpi_puppet
Jun 08 23:00:39 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: - production
Jun 08 23:00:39 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: found 0 foreman environment(s) unknown to puppetserver.
Jun 08 23:00:39 foreman.example.org foreman_envsync[10643]: found 0 puppetserver environment(s) unknown to foreman.

foreman-proxy Config

If foreman_envsync is being considered then it is probably that foreman is also not being used for class inclusion. In that case, there is no reason for foreman to waste wallclock-time waiting for puppetserver to return class lists.

The wasted time may be minimized by setting

:api_timeout: 1

in /etc/foreman-proxy/settings.d/puppet_proxy_puppet_api.yml (and restarting foreman-proxy).

Usage

Note that foreman_envsync requires permissions to read puppetserver's TLS related files under /etc/puppetlabs/puppet/ssl. This may typically be achieved by membership in the puppet group or running as root.

foreman_envsync is silent, except for fatal errors, by default:

scl enable tfm -- foreman_envsync

The --verbose enables detailed output.

scl enable tfm -- foreman_envsync --verbose

Example of verbose output:

# scl enable tfm -- foreman_envsync --verbose
found 22 puppetserver environment(s).
---
- master
- IT_2953_dds_debugging
- corecp_production
- IT_2935_pathfinder_hcu01
- coredev_production
- IT_2949_poc_encrypt
- production
- IT_2907_tu_reip
- IT_2373_velero
- IT_2452_pagerduty
- IT_2978_foreman_tuning
- IT_2987_rpi_puppet
- corels_production
- ncsa_production
- disable_IT_2569_tomcat_tls
- tu_production
- disable_IT_2483_letencrypt_renewal
- disable_IT_2417_maddash
- disable_jhoblitt_rspec
- disable_jhoblitt_colina
- IT_2879_ipam
- IT_2471_opsgenie

found 36 foreman environment(s).
---
- corecp_production
- coredev_production
- corels_production
- coretu_production
- IT_2373_velero
- IT_2417_maddash
- IT_2441_dns3_cp
- IT_2452_pagerduty
- IT_2471_opsgenie
- IT_2483_letencrypt_renewal
- IT_2494_nfs
- IT_2569_tomcat_tls
- IT_2613_no_ccs_sal
- IT_2655_net_audit_ls
- IT_2657_dhcp
- IT_2667_poc
- IT_2693_arista
- IT_2694_vlan_change
- IT_2753_comcam_software_v2
- IT_2820_auxtel_ccs
- IT_2854_nfs_export
- IT_2879_ipam
- IT_2907_tu_reip
- IT_2911_ntp
- IT_2935_pathfinder_hcu01
- IT_2949_poc_encrypt
- IT_2953_dds_debugging
- IT_2978_foreman_tuning
- jhoblitt_colina
- jhoblitt_rspec
- master
- ncsa_production
- production
- tickets_DM_25966
- tickets_DM_27839
- tu_production

found 20 foreman environment(s) unknown to puppetserver.
---
- coretu_production
- IT_2417_maddash
- IT_2441_dns3_cp
- IT_2483_letencrypt_renewal
- IT_2494_nfs
- IT_2569_tomcat_tls
- IT_2613_no_ccs_sal
- IT_2655_net_audit_ls
- IT_2657_dhcp
- IT_2667_poc
- IT_2693_arista
- IT_2694_vlan_change
- IT_2753_comcam_software_v2
- IT_2820_auxtel_ccs
- IT_2854_nfs_export
- IT_2911_ntp
- jhoblitt_colina
- jhoblitt_rspec
- tickets_DM_25966
- tickets_DM_27839

deleted 20 foreman environment(s).
---
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 12
  name: coretu_production
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4602
  name: IT_2417_maddash
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4664
  name: IT_2441_dns3_cp
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4637
  name: IT_2483_letencrypt_renewal
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4649
  name: IT_2494_nfs
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4658
  name: IT_2569_tomcat_tls
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4676
  name: IT_2613_no_ccs_sal
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4691
  name: IT_2655_net_audit_ls
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4688
  name: IT_2657_dhcp
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4736
  name: IT_2667_poc
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4709
  name: IT_2693_arista
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4710
  name: IT_2694_vlan_change
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4771
  name: IT_2753_comcam_software_v2
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4746
  name: IT_2820_auxtel_ccs
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4792
  name: IT_2854_nfs_export
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4762
  name: IT_2911_ntp
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4735
  name: jhoblitt_colina
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4619
  name: jhoblitt_rspec
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4581
  name: tickets_DM_25966
- message: Environment deleted.
  id: 4686
  name: tickets_DM_27839

found 6 puppetserver environment(s) unknown to foreman.
---
- IT_2987_rpi_puppet
- disable_IT_2569_tomcat_tls
- disable_IT_2483_letencrypt_renewal
- disable_IT_2417_maddash
- disable_jhoblitt_rspec
- disable_jhoblitt_colina

found 1 foreman location(s).
---
- 2

found 1 foreman organization(s).
---
- 1

created 6 foreman environment(s).
---
- message: Environment created.
  id: 4800
  name: IT_2987_rpi_puppet
- message: Environment created.
  id: 4801
  name: disable_IT_2569_tomcat_tls
- message: Environment created.
  id: 4802
  name: disable_IT_2483_letencrypt_renewal
- message: Environment created.
  id: 4803
  name: disable_IT_2417_maddash
- message: Environment created.
  id: 4804
  name: disable_jhoblitt_rspec
- message: Environment created.
  id: 4805
  name: disable_jhoblitt_colina

Contributing

Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at https://github.com/lsst-it/foreman_envsync.

License

The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.