The project is in a healthy, maintained state
git format staged


~> 13.0
~> 1.29
>= 0


 Project Readme


Port of hallettj/git-format-staged to Ruby.

Consider a project where you want all code formatted consistently. So you use a formatter and/or linter. (For example SwiftFormat) You want to make sure that everyone working on the project runs the formatter, add a git pre-commit hook to run it. The naive way to write that hook would be to:

  • get a list of staged files
  • run the formatter on those files
  • run git add to stage the results of formatting

The problem with that solution is it forces you to commit entire files. At worst this will lead to contributors to unwittingly committing changes. At best it disrupts workflow for contributors who use git add -p.

git-format-staged tackles this problem by running the formatter on the staged version of the file. Staging changes to a file actually produces a new file that exists in the git object database. git-format-staged uses some git plumbing commands to send content from that file to your formatter. The command replaces file content in the git index. The process bypasses the working tree, so any unstaged changes are ignored by the formatter, and remain unstaged.

After formatting a staged file git-format-staged computes a patch which it attempts to apply to the working tree file to keep the working tree in sync with staged changes. If patching fails you will see a warning message. The version of the file that is committed will be formatted properly - the warning just means that working tree copy of the file has been left unformatted. The patch step can be disabled with the --no-update-working-tree option.

How to install

Requires Ruby 2.7 or newer. Tests run on 2.7 and 3.0.

Install as a development dependency in a project that uses bundle to manage Ruby dependencies:

$ bundle add format-staged

Or install globally:

$ gem install format-staged

How to use

For detailed information run:

$ [bundle exec] git-format-staged --help

The command expects a shell command to run a formatter, and one or more file patterns to identify which files should be formatted. For example:

$ git-format-staged --formatter 'prettier --stdin-filepath "{}"' '*.js'

That will format all .js files using prettier.

The formatter command must read file content from stdin, and output formatted content to stdout.

Patterns are evaluated from left-to-right: if a file matches multiple patterns the right-most pattern determines whether the file is included or excluded.

git-format-staged never operates on files that are excluded from version control. So it is not necessary to explicitly exclude stuff like vendor/.

The formatter command may include a placeholder, {}, which will be replaced with the path of the file that is being formatted. This is useful if your formatter needs to know the file extension to determine how to format or to lint each file. For example:

$ git-format-staged -f 'prettier --stdin-filepath "{}"' '*.js' '*.css'

Do not attempt to read or write to {} in your formatter command! The placeholder exists only for referencing the file name and path.

Check staged changes with a linter without formatting

Perhaps you do not want to reformat files automatically; but you do want to prevent files from being committed if they do not conform to style rules. You can use git-format-staged with the --no-write option, and supply a lint command instead of a format command. Here is an example using ESLint:

$ git-format-staged --no-write -f 'eslint --stdin --stdin-filename "{}" >&2' 'src/*.js'

If this command is run in a pre-commit hook, and the lint command fails the commit will be aborted and error messages will be displayed. The lint command must read file content via stdin. Anything that the lint command outputs to stdout will be ignored. In the example above eslint is given the --stdin option to tell it to read content from stdin instead of reading files from disk, and messages from eslint are redirected to stderr (using the >&2 notation) so that you can see them.

Why the Ruby port if there already is a fine Python implementation?

I don’t like Python ;)

But jokes aside, I am already setting up a Ruby environment (using rbenv) for my projects to run cocoapods and fastlane and our git hooks. By using this port we don’t need to ensure to have python available as well.