The project is in a healthy, maintained state
Common code for GAPIC-generated API clients


~> 1.26.0
>= 12.0
~> 3.0
~> 0.9
~> 5.16
>= 0.14


>= 1.9, < 3.a
~> 1.36
>= 1.3.12, < 2.a
>= 1.0, < 3.a
 Project Readme

API Client Generator for Ruby

Create Ruby clients from a protocol buffer description of an API.

Note This project is a preview. Please try it out and let us know what you think, but there are currently no guarantees of stability or support.

Getting started using the Docker image

The easiest way to use the generator is to run it with the Docker image. There are several docker images containing various flavors of gapic generators, we are going to use the gapic-generator-ruby image which is generating code using the gapic-generator-cloud.

Download the sample protos for the Showcase API

The Showcase API is a good API to play with if you want to start generating your own client libraries. It has several services, we'll use Echo (echo.proto) service as an example.

Download the proto files locally (the following examples work in Linux or macOS):

$ curl -L https://github.com/googleapis/gapic-showcase/releases/download/v0.6.1/gapic-showcase-0.6.1-protos.tar.gz | tar xz

Run the generator using the Docker image

$ mkdir showcase-ruby
$ docker run --rm --user $UID \
  --mount type=bind,source=`pwd`/google/showcase/v1beta1,destination=/in/google/showcase/v1beta1,readonly \
  --mount type=bind,source=`pwd`/showcase-ruby,destination=/out \
  gcr.io/gapic-images/gapic-generator-ruby:latest --ruby-cloud-gem-name=google-showcase

NB: ruby-cloud-gem-name currently has to partialy (excluding version) match the package option from the proto files. For showcase the package is google.showcase.v1beta1 and so the ruby-cloud-gem-name has to be google-showcase

The resulting files are in showcase-ruby folder:

$ cd showcase-ruby
$ bundle install   # install dependencies
$ bundle exec rake ci  # run unit tests

Building, installation and API generation without the Docker image

Install the Proto Compiler

This generator relies on the Protocol Buffer Compiler to orchestrate the client generation. Install protoc version 3.7 or later.

It may be available from your package manager. The following should work on Mac OS X using homebrew:

$ brew install protobuf

Otherwise, you can download the release from GitHub:

# Declare the protobuf version to use.
$ export PROTOBUF_VERSION=3.7.1

# Declare the target installation system.
# export PROTOBUF_SYSTEM=osx-x86_64
$ export PROTOBUF_SYSTEM=linux-x86_64

# Get the precompiled protobuf compiler.
$ mkdir /usr/src/protoc
$ curl --location https://github.com/google/protobuf/releases/download/v${PROTOBUF_VERSION}/protoc-${PROTOBUF_VERSION}-${PROTOBUF_SYSTEM}.zip --output /usr/src/protoc/protoc-${PROTOBUF_VERSION}.zip
$ cd /usr/src/protoc/
$ unzip protoc-${PROTOBUF_VERSION}.zip
$ rm protoc-${PROTOBUF_VERSION}.zip

# Link the protoc to the path.
$ ln -s /usr/src/protoc/bin/protoc /usr/local/bin/protoc

# Move the common protobuf files to the local include folder.
$ cp -R /usr/src/protoc/include/* /usr/local/include/

Set Up Your Ruby Environment

If you are a Ruby developer, then please skip ahead to the next section.

Install gem.

# Linux
$ sudo apt-get install gem
# Mac
$ brew install gem

Add the following to your ~/.bashrc, then do source ~/.bashrc.

export GEM_HOME=$HOME/.gem
export GEM_PATH=$HOME/.gem
export PATH=$PATH:$GOPATH/bin:$GEM_PATH/bin/ruby/2.5.0/bin

Install and set up Bundler.

$ gem install bundler
$ bundle install
$ BUNDLE_PATH=~/.gems

Build and Install the Generator

This tool is in pre-alpha so it is not yet released to RubyGems. You will have to build the generator from scratch.

$ mkdir ~/my-gapic-example
$ cd ~/my-gapic-example
$ git clone https://github.com/googleapis/gapic-generator-ruby.git
$ cd gapic-generator-ruby
$ git submodule update --init
$ bundle update
$ bundle exec rake update
$ bundle exec rake install
$ which protoc-gen-ruby_gapic
> {Non-empty path}

Generate an API

Installing this generator exposes protoc-gen-ruby_gapic on the PATH. By doing so, it gives the protobuf compiler the CLI option --ruby_gapic_out on which you can specify an output path for this generator.

If you want to experiment with an already-existing API, you can use the cloud vision API as an example. Note: You need to clone the googleapis repository from GitHub, and change to a special branch:

$ cd ~/my-gapic-example
$ git clone git@github.com:googleapis/api-common-protos.git
$ git clone git@github.com:googleapis/googleapis.git
$ cd googleapis
$ git checkout --track -b input-contract origin/input-contract

Currently, each API also requires a small configuration file that provides information such as the gem name. In your my-gapic-example directory, create a file vision.yml with the following contents:

  :name: "google-cloud-vision"
    :default_host: "vision.googleapis.com"
      - https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform
      - https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-vision

Now you're ready to compile the API client:

$ cd ~/my-gapic-example
$ mkdir dest
$ protoc googleapis/google/cloud/vision/v1/*.proto \
    --proto_path=api-common-protos --proto_path=googleapis \
    --ruby_gapic_opt=configuration=vision.yml --ruby_gapic_out=dest

Create a custom generator

If you want to customize the output, you may create a new generator using the gapic-generator binary installed by the main generator. A new generator takes the form of a gem that provides an additional protoc-gen-ruby_$NAME binary that can be used by protoc.

Here's a brief example. Assuming you've already built and installed the main generator gem as described above, we will now create a custom generator called acme, by creating a gem called gapic-generator-acme:

$ cd ~/my-gapic-example
$ gapic-generator -g acme
$ cd gapic-generator-acme

The generated code will include an empty templates/acme directory. This is where you can put overrides for the templates and helpers used by the code generator. (The default templates are copied into the example_templates/acme directory, although they are there only for your information. The actual defaults being used are hosted in the main gapic-generator gem.)

As an example, let's modify the license header generated at the top of each source file. This is located in the shared/_license.erb partial. If you look at example_templates/acme/shared/_license.erb, you'll see that an MIT license is rendered by default. Let's change that.

Create templates/acme/shared/_license.erb and populate it with a different license header (maybe BSD or Apache). This will now override the MIT header provided by the core generator.

Now let's build the custom generator gem.

$ cd ~/my-gapic-example/gapic-generator-acme
$ bundle install
$ bundle exec rake install

You should now have a protoc-gen-ruby_acme binary in your PATH. So you should now be able to run the "Generate an API" example above using --ruby_acme_opt= and --ruby_acme_out= options to generate a client with your custom license header.

For more examples, see the gapic-generator-cloud directory in this repository. This is the custom generator used for Google Cloud APIs.


Contributions to this library are always welcome and highly encouraged.

See the CONTRIBUTING documentation for more information on how to get started.


How to update the test protobufs

From the repository's root, run the following. Replace garbage with the name of the relevant protobuf.

$ bundle exec rake bin
$ cd gapic-generator
$ bundle exec rake gen:garbage

Run unit tests

To run all tests:

$ cd gapic-generator
$ bundle exec rake test

To test a single file:

$ cd gapic-generator
$ bundle exec rake test TEST=path/to/test/file.rb


$ bundle exec rake rubocop


This library is currently a preview with no guarantees of stability or support. Please get involved and let us know if you find it useful and we'll work towards a stable version.


This is not an official Google product.