The project is in a healthy, maintained state
This gem purpose is to make graphql easier to use in ruby. Mainly developed for from-scratch app
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 Dependencies

Runtime

~> 1.12, <= 1.12.13
>= 5.1.4
 Project Readme

Graphql Rails Api

graphql-rails-api is a wrapper around graphql-ruby for rails application. It describes easily your graphql API in a domain driven design way.

The main purpose of this gem is to earn time providing:

  • A normalized code architecture by mapping graphql resources to the active record models
  • A global graphql service to directly perform crud mutations
  • A set of generators to create or modify graphql resource and active record model at the same time

Notes

Only postgresql adapter is maintained. Only model using uuid as identifier are compatible with generated migrations right now. A model User will be created during installation.

Installation

Add the gem to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'graphql-rails-api'

Download and install the gem:

$ bundle
$ rails generate graphql_rails_api:install

Options

The following options to the graphql_rails_api:install command are available:

To disable PostgreSQL uuid extension, add the option --no-pg-uuid

To disable ActionCable websocket subscriptions, add the option --no-action-cable-subs

To disable Apollo compatibility, add the option --no-apollo-compatibility

To avoid the addition of a new post '/graphql' route , add the option --no-generate-graphql-route

Get Started

Generate a new active record model with its graphql type and input type.

$ rails generate graphql_resource city name:string

Reboot the rails server, and you're good to go!

Now You can perform crud mutation on resources:

curl -X POST http://localhost:3000/graphql \
  -H "content-type: application/json"      \
  -d '{ "query":"mutation($name: String) { create_city(city: { name: $name }) { name } }", "variables": {"name":"Paris"} }'

=> {"data":{"create_city":{"name":"Paris"}}}

You can perform queries as well:

curl -X POST http://localhost:3000/graphql \
  -H "content-type: application/json"       \
  -d '{ "query": "{ cities { name } }" }'

=> {"data":{"cities":[ {"name":"Paris"} ] } }

Generators

$ rails generate graphql_resource computer code:string price:integer power_bench:float belongs_to:user has_many:hard_drives many_to_many:tags

This line will create the data migration, the model and the graphql type of the Computer resource.

It will automatically add has_many :computers to the User model

It will add a computer_id to the HardDrive model, and

respectively the has_many :hard_drives and belongs_to :computer to the Computer and HardDrive models.

The many_to_many option will make the has_many through association and create the join table between tag and computer.

All of these relations will be propagated to the graphql types.

Options

To disable migration generation, add the option --no-migration

To disable model generation, add the option --no-model

To disable mutations generation, add the option --no-mutations

To disable service generation, add the option --no-service

To disable graphql-type generation, add the option --no-graphql-type

To disable graphql-input-type generation, add the option --no-graphql-input-type

To disable propagation (has_many creating the id in the other table, many to many creating the join table and apply to the graphql types), add the option --no-propagation To avoid running migrations after a resource generation, add the option --no-migrate

Note on enum

The library handle enum with an integer column in the model table. Enum is defined into the active record model. Example:

$ rails generate graphql_resource house energy_grade:integer belongs_to:user belongs_to:city

house.rb

class House < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :city
  belongs_to :user
  enum energy_grade: {
    good: 0,
    average: 1,
    bad: 2,
  }
end

About queries

3 types of queries are available.

show query:

query($id: String!) {
  city(id: $id) {
    id
  }
}

index query: A max number of 1000 results are return.

query($page: String, per_page: String, $filter: String, $order_by: String) {
  cities {
    id
  }
}

index query with pagination: Add the suffix paginated_ to any index query to use pagination

query($page: String, per_page: String, $filter: String, $order_by: String) {
  paginated_cities {
    id
  }
}

Filter query results

filter is a not required string argument used to filter data based on conditions made on active record model fields. You can use :

  • parenthesis : ()
  • Logical operators : && , ||
  • Comparaisons operators : ==, !=, ===, !==, >, <, >=, <=

The operators === and !== are used to perform case sensitive comparaisons on string fields Example: The following model is generated

rails generate graphql_resource house \
  street:string        \
  number:integer       \
  price:float          \
  energy_grade:integer \
  principal:boolean    \
  belongs_to:user      \
  belongs_to:city

The following filter values can be used:

"street != 'candlewood lane'"
"street !== 'Candlewood Lane'"
"number <= 50"
"price != 50000"
"build_at <= '#{DateTime.now - 2.years}'"
"user.email == 'jason@gmail.com'"
"city.name != 'Berlin'"
"street != 'candlewood lane' && (city.name != 'Berlin' || user.email == 'jason@gmail.com')"

Order query result argument

order_by is a non mandatory string argument used to order the returned data. With the model above the following order_by values can be used:

"street DESC"
"number ASC"
"user.email ASC"

About mutations

The graphql-rails-api application service can handle 5 types of mutation on generated models.

create mutation:

mutation($name: String!) {
  create_city(
    city: {
      name: $name
    }
  ) {
    id
  }
}

update mutation:

mutation($id: String!, $name: String) {
  update_city(
    id: $id
    city: {
      name: $name
    }
  ) {
    id
    name
  }
}

destroy mutation:

mutation($id: String!) {
  destroy_city(id: $id) {
    id
  }
}

bulk_create mutation:

mutation($cities: [CityInputType]!) {
  bulk_create_city(cities: $cities) {
    id
  }
}

bulk_update:

mutation($cities: [CityInputType]!) {
  bulk_update_city(cities: $cities) {
    id
  }
}

You can override the default application service for all mutation by defining your own method into the corresponding graphql service:

Example:

app/graphql/cities/service.rb

module Cities
  class Service < ApplicationService
    def create
      return graphql_error('Forbidden') if params[:name] == 'Forbidden city'

      super
    end
  end
end

Custom mutation resource services

To defined your own custom mutation create a file to defined the mutation type and define the correponding methods.

Example:

app/graphql/cities/mutations/custom.rb

Cities::Mutations::Custom = GraphQL::Field.define do
  description 'Im a custom mutation'
  type Cities::Type

  argument :id, !types.String
  argument :name, !types.String

  resolve ApplicationService.call(:city, :custom)
end

app/graphql/cities/service.rb

module Cities
  class Service < ApplicationService
    def custom
      ...
    end
  end
end

TODO

  • Clean error management : catching on raise ... no unexpected json blabla
  • Query type
    • remove me type
    • add paginated_resource types
  • Logging on generators actions
  • Don't create model user if it exists
  • Config variable for max number of result (Per page on query)
  • Handle id type != uuid (generated migration)
  • Filter:
    • handle association multiple level
  • Order
    • handle order on multiple field
    • handle order on association multiple level
    • case sensitivity on order by string / text
  • Write Spec to test visible_for
  • Write Spec to test filter order and visible for together
  • Write spec to test installation and generators
  • Documentation about user authentication and scope
    • describe authenticated_user
    • describe visible_for
    • describe writable_by

Graphql API example

Example of a backend API: https://github.com/Poilon/graphql-rails-api-example

Contributing

You can post any issue, and contribute by making pull requests. Don't hesitate, even the shortest pull request is great help. <3

Need any help or wanna talk with me on discord : Poilon#5412

License

The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.