Greenpeace is a small environment checker for 12 factor apps.
One of the factors in a 12 factor app is configuration management. The recommended approach is using environment variables to provide configuration values to the application.
While the approach works great, we found some limitations and itches with it:
There is no way to check if the environment has been correctly configured on application startup. This delays deployment and configuration errors until the moment the configuration key is required.
Accessing configuration values through the ruby
ENVhash is a bit cumbersome, and does not provide typecasting.
There are some gems already out there that solve these, but none of them fixed them how we wanted them to. See the similarities section bellow.
Greenpeace solves this in a simple, straightforward way. It is an
environment checker that checks that the environment contains all the required
values. It also exposes ENV values through a simple configuration API so you
Greenpeace.env.port instead of
typecasting as required.
Add the gem to your Gemfile:
Run bundle to install the engine:
> bundle install
You need to setup your environment in a ruby file of your liking. If you are
using rails, the gem automatically loads a file at
you should configure your requirements using the provided API. Otherwise, put
those requirements somewhere and ensure they are run before starting your
The API is declarative and quite simple to read and write:
Greenpeace.configure do |env| # You can mark a key to be required for boot. env.requires :database_url # You can mark a key as an optional value, with a default if it is not # defined. env.may_have :google_analytics_account, default: "UA-xxxxx" # You can mark required or optional keys to be converted to a type when # reading the values. Valid types are :string and :int env.requires :port, type: :int env.may_have :api_timeout, type: :int, default: 30 # You can add an optional message which describes what the key is about, for # documenting configuration options. This documentation string is used when # raising an initialization exception if the key is not found, or if the # type is not correct. env.requires 'API_KEY', doc: "API key for the Frumboloizer service" end
configure method is called (which is done automatically on
rails), Greenpeace will check the environment and raise exceptions if something
is not correctly configured. In addition to this, you can now access the
configured keys through a simple API:
if Greenpeace.env.use_google_analytics # ... end
The environment is virtualized with vagrant, so you will need:
Vagrant to manage the virtualized development environment. This requires installing VirtualBox.
A NFS implementation is recommended (but not required) so that vagrant works faster. On any debian-based linux distribution, you can install it by running
sudo apt-get install nfs-kernel-server. MacOS comes with it by default.
Quick environment setup
Start the virtualized environment with
vagrant up. This will take a while, as the entire development environment is downloaded and configured.
Connect to the virtual machine by running
vagrant ssh. Once connected,
cd /vagrantwill cd into the project folder, which is automatically synced to your machine. There you can run any of the normal ruby commands for gem development.
Copyright (C) 2014 Recompensa.mobi
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