The project is in a healthy, maintained state
Ruby background job processor using Redis and Async


~> 2.4
~> 13.0
~> 3.12


~> 2.3
~> 1.34
~> 3.14
 Project Readme


Gem Version

Background job processor based on Socketry Async

Jiggler is a Sidekiq-inspired background job processor using Socketry Async and Optimized JSON. It uses fibers to processes jobs, making context switching lightweight. Requires Ruby 3+, Redis 6+.

Jiggler is based on Sidekiq implementation, and re-uses most of its concepts and ideas.

NOTE: Jiggler is a small gem made purely for fun and to gain some hand-on experience with async and fibers. It isn't tested with production projects and might have not-yet-discovered issues. Use at your own risk.
However, it's good to play around and/or to try it in the name of science.


Install the gem:

gem install jiggler

Start Jiggler server as a separate process with bin command:

jiggler -r <FILE_PATH>

-r specifies a file with loading instructions.
For Rails apps the command'll be jiggler -r ./config/environment.rb

Run jiggler --help to see the list of command line arguments.


Jiggler 0.1.0rc4 performance results (at most once delivery) against sidekiq 7.0.3
Jiggler 0.1.0 performance results (at least once delivery) against (at most once delivery)

Getting Started

Conceptually Jiggler consists of two parts: the client and the server.
The client is responsible for pushing jobs to Redis and allows to read stats, while the server reads jobs from Redis, processes them, and writes stats.

The server uses async Redis connections.
The client on default is sync. It's possible to configure the client to be async as well via setting client_async to true.
Client settings are:

  • client_concurrency
  • client_async
  • redis_url (this one is shared with the server)

The rest of the settings are server specific.

NOTE: require "jiggler" loads only client classes. It doesn't include async lib, this dependency is being required only within the server part.

require "jiggler"

Jiggler.configure do |config|
  config[:client_concurrency] = 12        # Should equal to the number of threads/fibers in the client app. Defaults to 10
  config[:concurrency] = 12               # The number of running workers on the server. Defaults to 10
  config[:timeout]     = 12               # Seconds Jiggler wait for jobs to finish before shutdown. Defaults to 25
  config[:environment] = "myenv"          # On default fetches the value ENV["APP_ENV"] and fallbacks to "development"
  config[:require]     = "./jobs.rb"      # Path to file with jobs/app initializer
  config[:redis_url]   = ENV["REDIS_URL"] # On default fetches the value from ENV["REDIS_URL"]
  config[:queues]      = ["shippers"]     # An array of queue names the server is going to listen to. On default uses ["default"]
  config[:config_file] = "./jiggler.yml"  # .yml file with Jiggler settings
  config[:mode]        = :at_most_once    # at_most_once and at_least_once modes supported. Defaults to :at_least_once

at_least_once mode grants reliability for the regular enqueued jobs which are going to be executed by workers. The scheduled jobs (the ones planned to be executed at a specific time, or which failed and going to be retried) still support only at_most_once strategy. The support for them is going to be added in the upcoming versions.

On default all queues have the same priority (equals to 0). Higher number means higher prio.
It's possible to specify custom priorities as follows:

Jiggler.configure do |config|
  config[:queues] = [["shippers", 0], ["shipments", 1], ["delivery", 2]]

IO Event selector

IO_EVENT_SELECTOR is an env variable which allows to specify the event selector used by the Ruby scheduler.
On default it uses Epoll (IO_EVENT_SELECTOR=EPoll).
Another available option is URing (IO_EVENT_SELECTOR=URing). Underneath it uses io_uring library. It is a Linux kernel library that provides a high-performance interface for asynchronous I/O operations. It was introduced in Linux kernel version 5.1 and aims to address some of the limitations and scalability issues of the existing AIO (Asynchronous I/O) interface. In the future it might bring a lot of performance boost into Ruby fibers world (once async project fully adopts it), but at the moment in the most cases its performance is similar to EPoll, yet it could give some boost with File IO.

Socketry stack

The gem allows to use libs/calls from socketry stack ( within workers.

def perform(ids)
  resources = Resource.where(id: ids)
  Async do
    resources.each do |resource|
      Async do
        result = api_client.get(resource)
        resource.update(data: result) if result
      rescue => err

Core components

Internally Jiggler server among others includes the next entities: Manager, Poller, Monitor.
Manager is responsible for workers.
Poller fetches data for retries and scheduled jobs.
Monitor periodically loads stats data into redis.
Manager and Monitor are mandatory, while Poller can be disabled in case there's no need for retries/scheduled jobs.

Jiggler.configure do |config|
  config[:stats_interval] = 12   # Defaults to 10
  config[:poller_enabled] = true # Defaults to true
  config[:poll_interval]  = 12   # Defaults to 5
end is a rack application. It can be run on its own or be mounted in app routes, f.e. with Rails:

require "jiggler/web"

Rails.application.routes.draw do
  mount => "/jiggler"

  # ...

To get the available stats run:

irb(main)> Jiggler.summary
 "queues"=>{"mine"=>1, "unknown"=>1, "test"=>1}}

Note: Jiggler summary shows only queues which have enqueued jobs.

Job classes should include Jiggler::Job and implement perform method.

class MyJob
  include Jiggler::Job

  def perform
    puts "Performing..."

The job can be enqued with:


Specify custom job options:

class AnotherJob
  include Jiggler::Job
  job_options queue: "custom", retries: 10, retry_queue: "custom_retries"

  def perform(num1, num2)
    puts num1 + num2

To override the options for a specific job:

AnotherJob.with_options(queue: "default").enqueue(num1, num2)

It's possible to enqueue multiple jobs at once with:

arr = [[num1, num2], [num3, num4], [num5, num6]]

For the cases when you want to enqueue jobs with a delay or at a specific time run:

seconds = 100
AnotherJob.enqueue_in(seconds, num1, num2)

To cleanup the data from Redis you can run one of these:

# prune data for a specific queue

# prune all queues data

# prune all Jiggler data from Redis including all enqued jobs, stats, etc.

On default client uses synchronous Redis connections.
In case the client is being used in async app (f.e. with Falcon web server, etc.), then it's possible to set a custom redis pool capable of sending async requests into redis.
The pool should be compatible with Async::Pool - support acquire method.

Jiggler.configure_client do |config|
  config[:client_redis_pool] = my_async_redis_pool

# or use built-in async pool with
require "async/pool"

Jiggler.configure_client do |config|
  config[:client_async] = true

Then, the client methods could be called with something like:

Sync { Jiggler.config.cleaner.prune_all }
Async { MyJob.enqueue }

Local development

Docker! You can spin up a local development environment without the need to install dependencies directly on your local machine.

To get started, make sure you have Docker installed on your system. Then, simply run the following command to build the Docker image and start a development server:

docker-compose up --build


docker-compose up -d && docker attach jiggler_app

Start irb:

docker-compose exec app bundle exec irb

Run tests:

docker-compose run --rm web -- bundle exec rspec

To run the load tests modify the docker-compose.yml to point to bin/jigglerload


Fork & Pull Request.