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Client library for ManageIQ components to exchange messages through its internal message bus.
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 Dependencies

Development

>= 12.3.3
~> 3.0
>= 0.21.2

Runtime

>= 5.2.4.3, < 7.0
~> 0.8
~> 1.4.4
 Project Readme

ManageIQ Messaging Client

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Client library for ManageIQ components to exchange messages through its internal message bus.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'manageiq-messaging'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install manageiq-messaging

Usage

Initialize a client

It is not recommended to directly create an actual client through new operation. Follow the example by specifying a protocol. This allows to easily switch the underlying messaging system from one type to another. Currently :Stomp and :Kafka are implemented.

  ManageIQ::Messaging.logger = Logger.new(STDOUT)

  client = ManageIQ::Messaging::Client.open(
    :protocol   => 'Stomp',
    :host       => 'localhost',
    :port       => 61616,
    :password   => 'smartvm',
    :username   => 'admin',
    :client_ref => 'generic_1',
    :encoding   => 'json' # default 'yaml'
  )

  # publish or consume messages using the client

  client.close

Alternatively, you can pass a block to .open without the need to explicitly close the client.

  ManageIQ::Messaging::Client.open(
    :protocol   => 'Stomp',
    :host       => 'localhost',
    :port       => 61616,
    :password   => 'smartvm',
    :username   => 'admin',
    :client_ref => 'generic_1'
  ) do |client|
      # do stuff with the client
    end
  end

Publish and subscribe messages

This is the one-to-one publish/subscribe pattern. Multiple subscribers can subscribe to the same queue but only one will consume the message. Subscribers are load balanced.

  client.publish_message(
    :service  => 'ems_operation',
    :affinity => 'ems_amazon1',
    :message  => 'power_on',
    :payload  => {
      :ems_ref => 'u987',
      :id      => '123'
    }
  )

  client.subscribe_messages(:service => 'ems_operation', :affinity => 'ems_amazon1', :auto_ack => false) do |messages|
    messages.each do |msg|
      # do stuff with msg.message and msg.payload
      msg.ack
    end
  end

  # You can create a second client instance and call subscribe_messages with
  # the same options. Then both clients will take turns to consume the messages.

For better sending performance, you can publish a collection of messages together

  msg1 = {:service => 'ems_inventory', :affinity => 'ems1', :message => 'refresh', :payload => 'vm1'}
  msg2 = {:service => 'ems_inventory', :affinity => 'ems1', :massage => 'refresh', :payload => 'vm2')
  client.publish_messages([msg1, msg2])

Provide a block if you want #publish_message to wait on a response from the subscriber. This feature may not be supported by every underlying messaging system.

  client.publish_message(
    :service  => 'ems_operation',
    :affinity => 'ems_amazon1',
    :message  => 'power_on',
    :payload  => {
      :ems_ref => 'u987',
      :id      => '123'
    }
  ) do |result|
    ansible_install_pkg(vm1) if result == 'running'
  end

Publish and subscribe background jobs

Background Job is a special type of message with a known class_name and the subscriber knows how to process the message without a user block

  client.publish_message(
    :service    => 'generic',
    :class_name => 'MiqTask',
    :message    => 'update_attributes', # method name
    :payload    => {
      :instance_id => 2,
      :args        => [{:status => 'Timeout'}]
    }
  )

  client.subscribe_background_job(:service => 'generic')

Provide a call block if you want #publish_message to wait on a response from the subscriber.

Publish and subscribe topics (events)

This is the one-to-many publish/subscribe pattern. Multiple subscribers can subscribe to the same queue and each one will receive the same message.

  client.publish_topic(
    :service => 'provider_events',
    :event   => 'powered_on',
    :sender  => 'ems_amazon1', # optional
    :payload => {
      :ems_ref   => 'uid987',
      :timestamp => '1501091391'
    })

  client.subscribe_topic(:service => 'provider_events', :persist_ref => 'automate_1') do |msg|
    # do stuff with msg.sender, msg.message, and msg.payload. sender may be nil if not set by the publisher
  end

By default, events are delivered to live subscribers only. Some messaging systems support persistence with options.

Publish bulk messages to a topic

Often it is more efficient to publish messages in bulk rather than one-at-a-time. To do this you can pass an array of messages to the publish_topic API:

  client.publish_topic(
    [
      {:service => 'provider_events', :event => 'powered_off', :payload => {:ems_ref => 'uid987', :timestamp => '1501091391'}},
      {:service => 'provider_events', :event => 'powered_on', :payload => {:ems_ref => 'uid987', :timestamp => '1501091429'}},
    ]
  )

Add your own headers to a message (Queue or Topic)

If you want you can add in your own headers to the send message

  client.publish_topic(
    :service => 'provider_events',
    :event   => 'powered_on',
    :headers => {:request_id => "12345"},
    :payload => {:ems_ref => 'uid987'}

  )

  client.subscribe_topic(:service => 'provider_events', :persist_ref => 'automate_1') do |msg|
    puts "Received event #{msg.message} with request-id: #{msg.headers['request_id']}"
  end

Development

After checking out the repo, run bin/setup to install dependencies. Then, run rake spec to run the tests. You can also run bin/console for an interactive prompt that will allow you to experiment.

To install this gem onto your local machine, run bundle exec rake install. To release a new version, update the version number in version.rb, and then run bundle exec rake release, which will create a git tag for the version, push git commits and tags, and push the .gem file to rubygems.org.

Contributing

Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at https://github.com/ManageIQ/manageiq-messaging. This project is intended to be a safe, welcoming space for collaboration, and contributors are expected to adhere to the Contributor Covenant code of conduct.

License

The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.