JRuby library for performing background tasks via JMS.
Still alpha but approaching beta. API still subject to change.
Currently tested only for ActiveMQ
gem install modern_times
Rails Usage:¶ ↑
Create config/jms.yml which might look as follows:
development_server: &defaults :factory: org.apache.activemq.ActiveMQConnectionFactory :broker_url: tcp://127.0.0.1:61616 :require_jars: - <%= Rails.root %>/lib/activemq/activemq-all.jar development_vm: <<: *defaults :broker_url: vm://127.0.0.1 :object_message_serialization_defered: true staging: <<: *defaults :broker_url: tcp://stage2:61616 :username: myuser :password: mypassword production: <<: *defaults :broker_url: failover://(tcp://msg1:61616,tcp://msg2:61616)?randomize=false&initialReconnectDelay=100&useExponentialBackOff=true&maxCacheSize=524288&trackMessages=true :username: myuser :password: mypassword
In development and test mode, you will notice that there is no configuration defined. In this case, published messages will cause synchronous calls to the Worker's perform method which matches the destination queue or topic. This will allow your coworkers to use the functionality of the queueing system without having to startup a JMS server. If you wanted to start up in an actual server-type mode, you might set the MODERN_TIMES_ENV environment variable to “development_server” to override the Rails.env. This will allow you to test the queueing system without having to make temporary changes to the config file which could accidentally get checked in. For staging and production modes, you will need to have a JMS server running. Note that this library has only been tested with ActiveMQ.
Create config/workers.yml which might look as follows:
development: Analytics: :count: 1 Dashboard: :count: 1 stage1: Analytics: :count: 2 Dashboard: :count: 2 app1: &default_setup Analytics: :count: 2 Dashboard: :count: 2 app2: <<: *default_setup app3: <<: *default_setup
In this file, the count represents the number of threads dedicated per worker. The worker first looks for a key that matches the Rails.env. If it doesn't find one, it will look for a key matching the non-qualified hostname of the machine. (TODO: Show how to add options that get passed to the constructor and a single worker class that operates on 2 different queues). This file is optional and workers can be configured ad-hoc instead.
If you don't want to explicitly define your workers in a config file, you can create them ad-hoc instead. Configure your workers by starting jconsole and connecting to the manager process. Go to the MBeans tab and open the tree to ModernTimes => Manager => Operations => start_worker
Start/stop/increase/decrease workers as needed. The state is stored in the log directory (by default) so you can stop and start the manager and not have to reconfigure your workers.
Create config/initializers/modern_times.rb which might look as follows (TODO: Maybe add or refer to examples for registering marshal strategies):
ModernTimes.init_rails # Publishers can be defined wherever appropriate, probably as class variables within the class that uses it $foo_publisher = ModernTimes::JMS::Publisher.new('Foo')
When creating publishers, you will probably want to store the value in a class variable. Publishers internally make use of a session pool for communicating with the JMS server so you wouldn't want to create a new connection every time you published an object.
In your code, queue foo objects:
In app/workers, create a FooWorker class:
class FooWorker include ModernTimes::JMS::Worker def perform(my_foo_object) # Operate on my_foo_object end end
For the staging and production environment, you will need to startup a Manager process on each machine that handles messages. You might create script/worker_manager as follows (assumes Rails.root/script is in your PATH):
#!/usr/bin/env runner manager = ModernTimes.create_rails_manager manager.join
TODO: Refer to example jsvc daemon script
Multiple Workers For a Virtual Topic:¶ ↑
By default, a worker operates on the queue with the same name as the class minus the Worker postfix. You can override this by explicitily by specifying a queue or a virtual topic instead. A virtual_topic (ActiveMQ only) allows you to publish to one destination and allow for multiple workers to subscribe. (TODO: need to completely remove the use of topics as every thread for every worker receives all messages instead of a group of workers (threads) collectively receiving all messages. Virtual topics get around this problem). For instance, suppose you have the following workers:
class FooWorker include ModernTimes::JMS::Worker virtual_topic 'inquiry' def perform(my_inquiry) # Operate on my_inquiry end end class BarWorker include ModernTimes::JMS::Worker virtual_topic 'inquiry' def perform(my_inquiry) # Operate on my_inquiry end end
Then you can create a publisher where messages are delivered to both workers:
@@publisher = ModernTimes::JMS::Publisher.new(:virtual_topic_name => 'inquiry') ... @@publisher.publish(my_inquiry)
Requestor Pattern:¶ ↑
TODO: See examples/requestor
Requestor Pattern with Multiple RequestWorkers:¶ ↑
TODO: See examples/advanced_requestor
What's with the name?¶ ↑
I'm a Chaplin fan.
Copyright © 2011 Clarity Services. See LICENSE for details.