Project

ncedit

0.0
Low commit activity in last 3 years
There's a lot of open issues
No release in over a year
Use the puppet-classify gem to create/edit NC rules
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 Dependencies

Development

~> 2.1
~> 13.0
~> 3.9

Runtime

= 0.4.0
= 2.3.0
 Project Readme

Build Status

ncedit - Puppet Node Classifier CLI editor

ncedit is a small utility program that lets you edit the Puppet Enterprise Node Classifier rules from the command line.

Why would you want to do this given that we have the excellent node_manager module already on the forge? Well... lots of reasons. First off, using puppet code to drive the Node Classifier means that you have to have the node_manager module already installed, which means that you must already have your classification rules in to reference the module through Code Manager. You could in-theory use Puppet Enterprise's new idempotent installer (just reinstall puppet over the top of itself) to fix this exact issue but then you still have the problem of how to classify your master in order to activate any other new rules (eg node-ttl) you want to use, which are associated with a new role for the Puppet Master.

That's where this tool comes in since all you need is root shell on the Puppet Master.

Features

You can:

  • Create node groups
  • Add or remove classes
  • Add or remove class parameters
  • Add or remove rules
  • Add or edit environment groups

...All from the convenience of the CLI. This allows us to be called from scripts and other systems in order to setup Puppet Enterprise the way you want and with the minimum of effort.

You have a choice of running ncedit for each change you wish to make or collecting all of your edits into either a JSON or YAML file for bulk processing.

Installation

Install this tool on your Puppet Master (Master-of-Masters)

$ sudo /opt/puppetlabs/puppet/bin/gem install ncedit

This will install the gem into the Puppet Master's vendored ruby. You could instead use your OS ruby and it should work, just make sure you have a recent-ish version of ruby.

Usage

Node Classifier API access

ncedit is intended to be run on the Puppet Master as root. Doing so avoids having to deal with networks, firewalls, certificate whitelists and the Puppet Enterprise RBAC API. While it would be cool to expand the tool to deal with these issues, its just a whole lot simpler to just run from the Puppet Master so right now that's all thats supported.

Making batch changes

To avoid the need to repeatedly invoke this tool using say, a bash script, ncedit natively supports reading a file of batch changes to make that is written in either YAML or JSON.

Batch data file

  • Since ncedit internally represents all from the Node Classifier API as hashes, its easy to support both YAML and JSON since they both resolve to this format
  • It's possible to add multiple groups at a time, you just need another NAME_OF_GROUP stanza

In each case the file needs to be ordered as follows:

YAML
"NAME_OF_GROUP":
  # hash of classes to edit/create
  "classes":
    "CLASS_TO_ENSURE":
      "OPTIONAL_PARAM_NAME": "VALUE_TO_SET"
  # Array of classes to delete
  "delete_classes":
    - "CLASS_TO_DELETE"
  # Hash classes + Array of parameter names to delete
  "delete_params":
    "CLASS_TO_PROCESS":
      - "PARAMETER_TO_DELETE"
  # Rules to append to group
  "append_rules":
    - "CONDITIONAL" # 'and'/'or'
    - - "="         # rule tuple 0 - comparator, eg '='
      - "VARIABLE"  # rule tuple 1 - variable, eg 'fqdn'
      - "VALUE"     # rule tuple 2 - value to match, eg 'pupper.puppet.com'
JSON
{
  "NAME_OF_GROUP": {
    "classes": {
      "CLASS_TO_ENSURE": {
        "OPTIONAL_PARAM_NAME": "VALUE_TO_SET"
      }
    },
    "delete_classes": [
      "CLASS_TO_DELETE"
    ],
    "delete_params": {
      "CLASS_TO_PROCESS": [
        "PARAMETER_TO_DELETE"
      ]
    },
    "append_rules": [
      "CONDITIONAL",
      [
        "=",
        "VARIABLE",
        "VALUE"
      ]
    ]
  }
}
  • JSON doesn't support comments natively so please see above YAML example for notes
  • Worked example

Ensuring changes

  • ncedit is idempotent so you may run the command as often as you like
  • Classes used in rules must already exist for classification to succeed, --smart-update will do a code redeploy for you if specified.
YAML
ncedit batch --smart-update --yaml-file /path/to/batch.yaml
JSON
ncedit batch --smart-update --json-file /path/to/batch.json

Making per-item changes

If you don't want to go to the hassle of creating a batch file or you have small, dynamic edits you wish to perform, your able to perform individual edits on the command line:

Practical examples

One of the main uses of this tool is to configure Puppet Code Manager, so here are the exact commands you need (alternatively make a batch.yaml file to do it all in one hit):

Code Manager R10K checkout URL

ncedit classes --smart-update --group-name 'PE Master' \
    --class-name puppet_enterprise::profile::master \
    --param-name r10k_remote \
    --param-value https://github.com/puppetlabs/control-repo

Code Manager SSH key

ncedit classes --smart-update --group-name 'PE Master' \
    --class-name puppet_enterprise::profile::master \
    --param-name r10k_ \
    --param-value /etc/puppetlabs/puppetserver/ssh/id_rsa

Code Manager proxy server

ncedit classes --smart-update --group-name 'PE Master' \
    --class-name puppet_enterprise::profile::master \
    --param-name r10k_proxy \
    --param-value http://proxy.megacorp.com:3128

Enable Code Manager

ncedit classes --smart-update --group-name 'PE Master' \
    --class-name puppet_enterprise::profile::master \
    --param-name code_manager_auto_configure \
    --param-value true
    
ncedit classes --smart-update --group-name 'PE Master' \
    --class-name puppet_enterprise::profile::master \
    --param-name file_sync_enabled \
    --param-value automatic

Add a rule to configure the puppet master with extra classes

ncedit classes --smart-update --group-name "Puppet Masters" \
    --class-name role::my_puppet_master \
    --rule '["and", ["=",["fact","fqdn"],"'$(facter fqdn)'"]]' \
    --rule-mode replace
  • Run puppet and then re-deploy puppet code
  • Create a new group called Puppet Masters
  • Make it load the role role::my_puppet_master
  • Have it match any host matching the FQDN of the host the command was run from and replace any existing rules for the group

Refresh the list of classes in the console

ncedit update_classes

Add a class to group

ncedit classes --group-name FOO --class-name BAR
  • Group will be created if it doesn't exist
  • Class MUST exist AND puppet must be aware of it (defeat caching) for the request to be accepted
  • Pass --smart-update to run puppet and re-deploy classes if desired

Add a parameter to a class for a group

ncedit classes --group-name FOO --class-name BAR --param-name BAZ --param-value BAS
  • Group will be created if it doesn't exist
  • Class will be added if it isn't already
  • Class MUST exist AND puppet must be aware of it (defeat caching) AND the parameter must exist on the class for the request to be accepted
  • Pass --smart-update to run puppet and re-deploy classes if desired

Delete a parameter from a class inside a group

ncedit classes --group-name FOO --class-name BAR --param-name BAZ --delete-param
  • Group will be created if it doesn't exist
  • Class will be added if it isn't already
  • Ensures the parameter BAZ is not set

Delete a class inside a group

ncedit classes --group-name FOO --class-name BAR --delete-class
  • Group will be created if it doesn't exist
  • Ensures the class BAR is not defined

Replace all rules for group

ncedit classes --group-name FOO --rule 'JSON_FRAGMENT' --rule-mode replace
  • Group will be created if it doesn't exist
  • Completely replaces existing rules for this group
  • Example JSON_FRAGMENT: ["and",["=",["fact","ipaddress"],"192.168.1.1"]]

Append a rule to group

ncedit classes --group-name FOO --rule 'JSON_FRAGMENT' --rule-mode append
  • Group will be created if it doesn't exist
  • Appends supplied JSON_FRAGMENT to the group's rules
  • Example JSON_FRAGMENT: ["and",["=",["fact","osfamily"],"RedHat"]]
  • Notice in our example JSON_FRAGMENT that we have kept the outer and rule. If we supply a conjuctive different to the rule's current value we will change it for the whole rule

Add/edit an environment group (experimental)

ncedit groups --group-name "Agent-specified environment" --environment agent-specified --environment-trumps --rule '["~",["fact","fqdn"],".*"]' --rule-mode replace
  • Group will be created if it doesn't exit
  • Will be nested under All Environments

Smart updates

The NC API will only accept rules for classes that currently exist on the system, so its likely that your rules will be rejected if they have not yet been deployed to the master. To make this process as seamless as possible, the --smart-update option will perform this task for you as-and-when required. This assumes you have already setup RBAC to grant access to Code Manager, this can be done in a single command using the pe_rbac gem

Smart updates work as follows:

  • If any of the r10k_* or code_manager_auto_configure parameters are set, update them immediately
  • Run puppet agent -t then puppet-code deploy --all --wait
  • Process any remaining directives

Troubleshooting

  • If you cannot install the ncedit gem and you are behind a corporate proxy, ensure that you have correctly set your http_proxy and https_proxy variables on the shell before running gem install.
  • Some corporate proxies will attempt to eavesdrop on all SSL connections which will cause downloads to fail. This can be resolved by installing a CA bundle (be sure you understand the implications of doing so) or domain whitelisting on the proxy itself
  • If the ncedit fails, it will swallow stack traces by default, pass the --verbosity debug argument if you need to obtain one. Note the position of the argument before the command name:
bundle exec ncedit --verbosity debug  batch --yaml-file /path/to/batch.yaml
  • Ensure you are running as root to avoid permission errors
  • If your shell can't find ncedit after successful installation and you installed into Puppet Enterprise's vendored ruby, make sure that your PATH contains /opt/puppetlabs/puppet/bin or run ncedit directly: /opt/puppetlabs/puppet/bin/ncedit
  • Don't attempt to debug the NC API through the PE console by capturing traffic, it uses a completely different API all of its own (In particular, there is another layer of boolean logic around rules). Instead, use NCIO to dump the current state of the NC API or see Puppet's NC API documentation

Testing

To run tests:

bundle install
bundle exec rake spec

Contributing

Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at https://github.com/declarativesystems/ncedit.