0.02
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A long-lived project that still receives updates
shared base for request_handler using dry-* gems
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 Dependencies

Development

~> 2.2
>= 0
>= 0
~> 10.0
~> 3.5
~> 0.48.1

Runtime

 Project Readme

RequestHandler

Gem Version CircleCI codecov

This gem allows easy and dry handling of requests based on the dry-validation gem for validation and data coersion. It allows to handle headers, filters, include_options, sorting and of course to validate the body.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'request_handler'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install request_handler

Configuration

You have to chose a validation engine and configure it globally:

RequestHandler.configure do |config|
  config.validation_engine = RequestHandler::Validation::DryEngine
end

If you want to use the included dry engine you also have to add the dry gems to your Gemfile:

  gem 'dry-validation', '~> 1.0'
  gem 'dry-types', '~> 1.0'

Note that only dry >= 1.0 is supported.

The default logger and separator can be changed globally:

RequestHandler.configure do |config|
  config.logger = Logger.new(STDERR)
  config.separator = '____'
end

JSON:API-style error data can be included in validation errors raised by RequestHandler.

RequestHandler.configure do |config|
  config.raise_jsonapi_errors = true # default: false
end

Validation Engine

You have to chose a validation engine and configure it globally (see configuration section above). All examples in this Readme assume you are using the DryEngine which relies on dry-validation. However you can also use the builtin DefinitionEngine, which uses Definition as validation library:

RequestHandler.configure do |config|
  require 'request_handler/validation/definition_engine'
  config.validation_engine = RequestHandler::Validation::DefinitionEngine
end

You can also implement your own engine to use any other library, by implementing the abstract class RequestHandler::Validation::Engine

Usage

To set up a handler, you need create a class which inherits from RequestHandler::Base, providing at least the options block and a to_dto method with the parts you want to use. To use it, create a new instance of the handler passing in the request, after that you can use the handler.to_dto method to process and access the data. Here is a short example, check spec/integration/request_handler_spec.rb for a detailed one.

Please note that pagination only considers options that are configured on the server (at least an empty configuration block int the page block), other options sent by the client are ignored and will cause a warning.

Generic query params can be added by using the query block. This may be useful if parameters should be validated which cannot be assigned to other predefined option blocks.

A type param can be passed in the body block, or the resource block in multipart requests (like question in the example below). You can pass either a symbol or a string. At the moment there are only "jsonapi" and "json" available for type. This defines if the JsonApiDocumentParser or JsonParser is used. If nothing is defined, JsonApiDocumentParser will be used by default.

require "request_handler"
class DemoHandler < RequestHandler::Base
  options do
    page do
      default_size 10
      max_size 20
      resource :comments do
        default_size 20
        max_size 100
      end
    end

    include_options do
      allowed Dry::Types["strict.string"].enum("comments", "author")
    end

    sort_options do
      allowed Dry::Types["strict.string"].enum("age", "name")
    end

    filter do
      schema(
        Class.new(Dry::Validation::Contract) do
          option :foo
          params do
            required(:name).filled(:string)
          end
        end
      )
      additional_url_filter %i(user_id id)
      options(->(_handler, _request) { { foo: "bar" } })
      # options({foo: "bar"}) # also works for hash options instead of procs
    end

    query do
      schema(
        Dry::Schema.Params do
          optional(:name).filled(:string)
        end
      )
    end

    body do
      type :jsonapi
      schema(
        Class.new(Dry::Validation::Contract) do
          option :foo
          json do
            required(:id).filled(:string)
          end
        end
      )
      options(->(_handler, _request) { { foo: "bar" } })
      # options({foo: "bar"}) # also works for hash options instead of procs
    end
  end

  def to_dto
    OpenStruct.new(
      body:    body_params,
      page:    page_params,
      include: include_params,
      filter:  filter_params,
      sort:    sort_params,
      headers: headers
    )
  end
end

# Given a Rack::Request you can create a well defined dto through the request handler:
DemoHandler.new(request: request).to_dto

Nested Attributes

For nested attributes all options or parameter will be flattened and nesting will be represented by joining the nesting levels with the defined separator string. By default this will be double underscore __.

This means in the request handler options one must use the attributes as flat structure with the configured separator.

Example

Input query parameters like the following:

GET /users?filter[name]=John&filter[posts.tag]=health

will be parsed as

{
  name: "John",
  posts__tag: "health"
}

Same is applied for sort and include options.

GET /users?sort=posts.published_on&include=posts.comments

becomes

include_options = [:posts__comments]
sort_options = SortOption.new(:posts__published_on, :asc)

Multipart requests

It is also possible to process and validate multipart requests, consisting of an arbitrary number of parts. You can require specific resources, all the other listed resources are optional

The following request handler requires a question (which will be uploaded as a json-file) and accepts an additional file related to the question

class CreateQuestionHandler < RequestHandler::Base
  options do
    multipart do
      resource :question do
        required true
        type "json"
        schema(
          Dry::Schema.JSON do
            required(:id).filled(:string)
            required(:type).filled(:string)
            required(:content).filled(:string)
          end
        )
      end

      resource :file do
        # no validation necessary
      end
    end
  end

  def to_dto
    # see the resulting multipart_params below
    { multipart: multipart_params }
  end
end

Assuming that the request consists of a json file question.json containing

{
  "id": "1",
  "type": "questions",
  "content": "How much is the fish?"
}

and an additional file image.png, the resulting multipart_params will be the following:

{
  question:
    {
      id:      '1',
      type:    'questions',
      content: 'How much is the fish?'
    },
  file:
    {
      filename: 'image.png',
      type:     'application/octet-stream'
      name:     'file',
      tempfile: #<Tempfile:/...>,
      head:     'Content-Disposition: form-data;...'
    }
}

Please note that each part's content has to be uploaded as a separate file currently.

JSON:API errors

Errors caused by bad requests respond to :errors.

When the gem is configured to raise_jsonapi_errors, this method returns a list of hashes containing code, status, detail, (links) and source for each specific issue that contributed to the error. Otherwise it returns an empty array.

The exception message contains <error code>: <source> <detail> for every issue, with one issue per line.

:code :status What is it?
INVALID_RESOURCE_SCHEMA 422 Resource did not pass configured validation
INVALID_QUERY_PARAMETER 400 Query parameter violates syntax or did not pass configured validation
MISSING_QUERY_PARAMETER 400 Query parameter required in configuration is missing
INVALID_JSON_API 400 Request body violates JSON:API syntax
INVALID_MULTIPART_REQUEST 400 Sidecar resource missing or invalid JSON

Example

rescue RequestHandler::SchemaValidationError => e
  puts e.errors
end
[
  {
    status: '422',
    code: 'INVALID_RESOURCE_SCHEMA',
    title: 'Invalid resource',
    detail: 'is missing',
    source: { pointer: '/data/attributes/name' }
  }
]

Caveats

It is currently expected that url parameter are already parsed and included in the request params. With Sinatra requests the following is needed to accomplish this:

get "/users/:user_id/posts" do
  request.params.merge!(params)
  dto = DemoHandler.new(request: request).to_dto
  # more code
end

v1 to v2 migration guide

Multiple breaking changes were introduced with request_handler 2.0. This section describes which steps have to be taken in order to migrate from 1.x to 2.0.

Configure validation engine

By default the DryEngine was used in 1.0. You now have to explicitly configure a validation engine:

RequestHandler.configure do |config|
  config.validation_engine = RequestHandler::Validation::DryEngine
end

Add dry dependency if you use the DryEngine

Since the DryEngine is not configured by default anymore, the dependency to the dry gems could be removed from request_handler. If you use the DryEngine simply add the dry-gems to your Gemfile:

gem 'dry-validation', '~> 1.0'
gem 'dry-types', '~> 1.0'

Note that only dry >= 1.0 is supported.

Define custom resources via the resource key

In request_handler 1.x it was possible to define custom resource names like this:

options  do
  fieldsets do
    allowed do
      posts schema
    end
  end
end

This was possible in multiple places (page, multipart, fieldsets.allowed). Starting with version 2.0 you will have to define those custom resources via the resource key:

options do
  fieldsets do
    allowed do
      resource :posts, schema
    end
  end
end

Use dry-* 1.x instead of dry-* 0.x if you use the DryEngine

Some of the most common required changes are listed here:

  • Use Dry::Schema.Params instead of Dry::Validation.Schema
  • Use Dry::Schema.JSON instead of Dry::Validation.JSON
  • If you use some more complex validation rules with options like this:
Dry::Validation.Params do
  configure do
    option :query_id
  end
  required(:id).value(eql?: query_id)
end

options(->(_parser, request) { { query_id: request.params['id'] } })

please rewrite it using Dry::Validation::Contract like this:

Class.new(Dry::Validation::Contract) do
  option :query_id
  params do
    required(:id).value(:string)
  end
  rule(:id) do
    key.failure('invalid id') unless values[:id] == query_id
  end
end)
options(->(_parser, request) { { query_id: request.params['id'] } })

A useful guide for upgrading to dry 1 types, validations and schemas can be found here.

Also please refer to the official docs of dry-schema and dry-validation.

Remove config inheritance

It was possible to (partially) overwrite configs defined in a request-handler super-class:

class Parent < RequestHandler::Base
  options  do
    page do
      comments do
        default_size 20
      end
    end
  end
end
class Child < Parent
  options  do
    page do
      comments do
        default_size 10
      end
    end
  end
end

Support for this has been fully removed. If you overwrite configs in subclasses please remove the inheritance and define the two request-handlers separately.

Development

After checking out the repo, run bin/setup to install dependencies. You can also run bin/console for an interactive prompt that will allow you to experiment.

Run bundle exec rspec to run the tests.

To install this gem onto your local machine, run bundle exec rake install. To release a new version, update the version number in version.rb, and then run bundle exec rake release, which will create a git tag for the version, push git commits and tags, and push the .gem file to rubygems.org.

Contributing

Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at https://github.com/runtastic/request_handler. This project is intended to be a safe, welcoming space for collaboration, and contributors are expected to adhere to the code of conduct.

Check out our career page if you'd like to work with us.

License

The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.