0.01
No commit activity in last 3 years
No release in over 3 years
There's a lot of open issues
Cybersourcery takes care of the most difficult aspects of working with Cybersource in Rails. It makes as few assumptions as possible about your business requirements, allowing you to use any subset of features appropriate to your needs.
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
 Dependencies

Development

>= 3.2.0.1
>= 1.6
>= 2.4
>= 10.3
>= 3.1.0.rc2
>= 2.1.5
>= 1.3

Runtime

>= 3.1
>= 0.4
 Project Readme

Cybersourcery

Gem Version

A pain removal gem for working with Cybersource Secure Acceptance Silent Order POST.

Features

Cybersourcery takes care of the most difficult aspects of working with Cybersource in Rails. It makes as few assumptions as possible about your business requirements, allowing you to use any subset of features appropriate to your needs.

  • It handles signing fields and checking signatures.
  • It provides a non-persisted model for the credit card form, making it easy to use Rails' model validations with your form.
  • It support multiple Cybersource profiles, if you need to support more than one merchant profile on your site.
  • It provides non-technical, human readable messages for the Cybersource error codes.
  • It provides several form helper methods, for a country select list, US states select list, date fields appropriate for credit card expiry dates, and helpers for use with Simple Form.
  • It provides optional data security features for submitting data from your shopping cart to your credit card payment form, to ensure no one has tampered with fields such as the payment amount.
  • If you have merchant data that exceeds the 100 character limit on the Cybersource merchant_defined_data fields, it provides features that support seamlessly serializing and deserializing your data across multiple merchant data fields.
  • If you use it in conjunction with the Cybersourcery Testing gem, you can set up repeatable feature/integration tests. The testing gem uses a proxy server and VCR, so you do not need to repeatedly hit the Cybersource test service itself in your tests.

Demo versions

If you download the gem with its development dependencies, you will get a working demo site, in spec/demo. Alternately, a stand-alone, working demo site is available.

Installation and setup

  1. Add it to your Gemfile and run bundle:
gem 'cybersourcery'
bundle
  1. Run the config generator:
rails generate cybersourcery:config

This generates 2 files: config/cybersourcery_profiles.yml and config/initializers/cybersourcery.rb.

  1. Add information about your Cybersource profiles to the config/cybersourcery_profiles.yml file. You must first create these profiles in the Cybersource Business Center. We recommend that you do not check this file into version control, since it will contain sensitive data about your Cybersource profiles.
  • Each profile in the yml file must have a key that corresponds to a "Profile ID" in the Cybersource Business Center. Each profile has the following fields:
    • name: a human readable name
    • service: test or live
    • access_key: the access key for the profile
    • secret_key: the secret key for the profile
    • success_url: this is an optional field - if you provide it, you can redirect users to it after a successful transaction (it can be an absolute or relative URL)
    • transaction_type: a Cybersource transaction type, for example: sale,create_payment_token. See the list of supported transaction types.
    • endpoint_type: indicates the Cybersource URL endpoint appropriate for the transaction - supported values are:
      • standard
      • create_payment_token
      • update_payment_token
      • iframe_standard
      • iframe_create_payment_token
      • iframe_update_payment_token
    • payment_method: card or echeck
    • locale: any locale supported by Cybersource, for example, en-us
    • currency: any currency supported by Cybersource, for example, USD
    • unsigned_field_names: a comma separated list of the fields that will not be signed in the transaction - this typically includes all the visible fields in the credit card payment form

Tests

If you have installed Cybersourcery with its development dependencies, you will also get the Cybersourcery Testing gem, which will allow you to run all the tests. First, start the Cybersource proxy server:

cd spec/demo
rake cybersourcery:proxy

Then from the project root, run the tests:

rake

Usage

Setting up your credit card payment form

The controller method for displaying the form

In your controller method for displaying your credit card form, you can add a line like this:

@payment = Cybersourcery::Container.get_payment('pwksgem', params, 'MyPayment')

The first argument is the profile ID for the Cybersource profile you want to use.

The second argument is typically the controller's params field. You can of course substitute an analogous data structure. The params will be added to the credit card form's hidden inputs and will be included in the list of signed fields. A couple important notes:

  • For a successful transaction, the params must include an amount.
  • The params should not include any of fields in the cybersourcery_profiles.yml file's list of unsigned fields.

The third argument is optional. It can be the name of a subclass you create, derived from the Payment model included with Cybersourcery. This non-persisted model has attributes for the minimal set of fields in a credit card form, including billing address information. You can create a subclass for adding shipping address fields, phone number, etc. Here is an example subclass.

The view for the form

Cybersourcery imposes no specific approach to how you create your form, but provides several helper methods you can use. They are best understood by reviewing an example form. The example uses Simple Form, and although Simple Form is not required, Cybersourcery includes several helpers for making it very easy to work with Simple Form.

Key points:

  • The form action URL is determined based on the information provided in cybersourcery_profiles.yml.
  • Calling the add_signed_fields helper method is crucial, for passing the signature and signed fields to Cybersource as hidden inputs.
  • Cybersourcery provides support for HTML5 front-end validation, but no specific approach to front-end form validation is required. As mentioned above, you can subclass the non-persisted Payment model to add your own fields and indicate which are required.
  • The optional call to the add_expiry_date_fields helper method makes it easy to include a month and date picker in your form that's appropriate for indicating credit card expiry dates. Used in conjunction with this javascript from the demo project, it will then submit a date in the user-unfriendly format that Cybersource requires.
  • The javascript file in the demo project also provides dynamic switching of the input type for the "State" field, based on whether the US is selected as the country (it provides a select list of states for the US, or a text input field for other countries).
  • The field_pattern and field_validation_message methods in the PaymentsHelper include only one pattern matching requirement, for the credit card number format. You can add your own pattern matching rules by overriding these methods, like this.

Handling the transaction response from Cybersource

  1. Add the following to your controller:

    skip_before_filter :verify_authenticity_token, only: :confirm
    before_action :normalize_cybersource_params, only: :confirm
    
    [...]
    
    private
    
    def normalize_cybersource_params
      Cybersourcery::CybersourceParamsNormalizer.run(params)
    end

    Since the POST is from Cybersource, there is no reason to check for a Rails authenticity token.

    The CybersourceParamsNormalizer copies and adds param names that start with "req_", and removes "req_" from them, so they have consistent naming across contexts, which simplifies internal handling.

  2. A minimal method for handling the response would look like this:

    def confirm
      signature_checker = Cybersourcery::Container.get_cybersource_signature_checker('pwksgem', params)
      signature_checker.run!
      flash.now[:notice] = Cybersourcery::ReasonCodeChecker::run!(params[:reason_code])
    rescue Cybersourcery::CybersourceryError => e
      flash.now[:alert] = e.message
    end

    There are three possible outcomes when handling the response from Cybersource:

    1. A successful transaction: the ReasonCodeChecker's run! method returns a user friendly message that the transaction succeeded.
    2. An exception is raised, if the signature returned from Cybersource does not match: this indicates data tampering.
    3. An exception is raised, if the transaction failed: this can happen due to an expired credit card, or some other reason.

    The rescue block will catch either exception, with a user friendly message from the ReasonCodeChecker.

    If you prefer to not have exceptions thrown, you can call run (without the exclamation point) on the SignatureChecker or the ReasonCodeChecker.

  3. Typically, you will want to display the credit card form again if there is a problem with the transaction, so the user can try again. See the PaymentsController's confirm method in the demo project for an example of how to do this.

  4. Optionally, you can redirect the user to a different URL after a successful transaction. This can be determined dynamically from the profile data. This can be useful if the page shown to users after a transaction needs to vary by the Cybersource profile, or if its on a different server.

profile = Cybersourcery::Profile.new('pwksgem')
redirect_to profile.success_url

Optional: Securely submitting the transaction amount to your credit card form

Cybersourcery provides an optional feature to simplify securely populating the amount field in the credit card payment form. In the demo project, the controller method for displaying the credit card form accepts a POST. It receives data from an extremely simple "shopping cart" form. Cybersourcery signs and verifies the submission from the cart page to the credit card form page in the same manner as the credit card form submission to Cybersource. The reason for this is the amount field should be a signed field in the Cybersource transaction, as it is a likely target for tampering. In a typical use case, the amount value will be determined before the user arrives at the credit card form. So we need a way to securely pass the amount to the credit card form. The typical solution for this is to not pass the amount through the front-end, but with Cybersource, this can complicate the process of making sure the amount field is included in the signed fields. Cybersourcery's signing solution provides a secure way to handle the amount through the front-end. Note you can also include merchant_defined_data fields, and any other fields you might want, for signing.

Here is an example, for creating @signed_fields to include in a simple shopping cart form that will submit to the credit card payment form:

def new
  cart_fields = { amount: 100, merchant_defined_data1: 'foo' }
  cart_signer = Cybersourcery::Container.get_cart_signer('pwksgem', session, cart_fields)
  @signed_fields = cart_signer.run
end

The controller method for displaying your credit card form can receive the POST and check the cart's signature, like this:

signature_checker = Cybersourcery::Container.get_cart_signature_checker('pwksgem', params, session)
signature_checker.run!

See the setup_payment_form method in the demo project's PaymentsController for a complete example. Note that if the credit card transaction fails, and you want to send the user back to the credit card form, Cybersourcery makes it easy to re-create the state of the cart form submission that precedes the display of the credit card form. The setup_payment_form method in the demo project illustrates this also.

Optional: Serializing merchant defined data

Cybersource's merchant_defined_data fields have a 100 character limit. If you need to use longer values (such as long URLs), Cybersourcery can serialize them across multiple fields for you, and deserialize them when the transaction is complete. See the demo project's new method in the CartsController for a serializing example, and the confirm method in the PaymentsController for a deserializing example.

Contributing

  1. Fork it ( https://github.com/[my-github-username]/cybersourcery/fork )
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create a new Pull Request