A long-lived project that still receives updates
Faker, a port of Data::Faker from Perl, is used to easily generate fake data: names, addresses, phone numbers, etc.
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 Dependencies

Development

= 5.16.3
= 0.14.1
= 13.0.6
= 0.9.5
= 0.9.27
= 1.37.1
= 0.21
= 3.5.5

Runtime

>= 1.8.11, < 2
 Project Readme

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Faker

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Faker is a port of Perl's Data::Faker library. It's a library for generating fake data such as names, addresses, and phone numbers.

Faker helps you generate realistic test data, and populate your database with more than a couple of records while you're doing development.

It comes in very handy for taking screenshots (taking screenshots for a personal project) and it was the original impetus for the creation of this gem).

Quick links

Table of Contents

  • Faker
    • Notes
    • Getting Started
    • Usage
      • CLI
      • Ensuring unique values
      • Deterministic Random
      • Customization
    • Generators
      • Default
      • Blockchain
      • Books
      • Fantasy
      • Creature
      • Games
      • Japanese Media
      • Movies
      • Music
      • Quotes
      • Sports
      • Tv Shows
    • Contributing
    • Versioning
    • Team
    • License

Notes

  • While Faker generates data at random, returned values are not guaranteed to be unique by default. To explicitly specify when you require unique values, see Ensuring Unique Values. Values also can be deterministic if you use the deterministic feature, see Deterministic Random
  • This is the main branch of Faker and may contain changes that are not yet released. Please refer to the README of your version for the available methods. The list of all versions is available here.

Getting Started

Start by including faker in your Gemfile:

gem 'faker'

Then run bundle install.

Usage

Here are some examples of how to use Faker:

require 'faker'

Faker::Name.name      #=> "Christophe Bartell"

Faker::Address.full_address #=> "5479 William Way, East Sonnyhaven, LA 63637"

Faker::Markdown.emphasis #=> "Quo qui aperiam. Amet corrupti distinctio. Sit quia *dolor.*"

Faker::TvShows::RuPaul.queen #=> "Violet Chachki"

Faker::Alphanumeric.alpha(number: 10) #=> "zlvubkrwga"

Faker::ProgrammingLanguage.name #=> "Ruby"

For a complete list of the generators, see Generators.

A note about the Generators versions

If you get a uninitialized constant Faker::[some_class] error, your version of the gem is behind main.

To make sure that your gem is the one documented here, change the line in your Gemfile to:

gem 'faker', :git => 'https://github.com/faker-ruby/faker.git', :branch => 'main'

The generators have the @faker.version tag on top of their implementation. From the tags, you can identify the version the generator was added:

# Faker::TvShows::ParksAndRec.character

# @faker.version 1.9.0
def character
  fetch('parks_and_rec.characters')
end

Faker-bot CLI (command-line interface)

faker-bot is a tool to make it easier to pick the right Faker methods to generate the fake data you need.

Instructions are available in the faker-bot README.

Ensuring unique values

To ensure Faker generates unique values, prefix your method call with unique:

Faker::Name.unique.name # This will return a unique name every time it is called

If too many unique values are requested from a generator that has a limited number of potential values, a Faker::UniqueGenerator::RetryLimitExceeded exception may be raised. It is possible to clear the record of unique values that have been returned, for example between tests.

Faker::Name.unique.clear # Clears used values for Faker::Name
Faker::UniqueGenerator.clear # Clears used values for all generators

You also can give some already used values to the unique generator if you have collisions with the generated data (i.e: using FactoryBot with random and manually set values).

# Usage:
# Faker::<generator>.unique.exclude(method, arguments, list)

# Add 'azerty' and 'wxcvbn' to the string generator with 6 char length
Faker::Lorem.unique.exclude :string, [number: 6], %w[azerty wxcvbn]

Deterministic Random

Faker supports seeding of its pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) to provide deterministic output of repeated method calls.

Faker::Config.random = Random.new(42)
Faker::Company.bs #=> "seize collaborative mindshare"
Faker::Company.bs #=> "engage strategic platforms"
Faker::Config.random = Random.new(42)
Faker::Company.bs #=> "seize collaborative mindshare"
Faker::Company.bs #=> "engage strategic platforms"

Faker::Config.random = nil # seeds the PRNG using default entropy sources
Faker::Config.random.seed #=> 185180369676275068918401850258677722187
Faker::Company.bs #=> "cultivate viral synergies"

Customization

You may want Faker to print information depending on your location in the world. To assist you in this, Faker uses the I18n gem to store strings and formats to represent the names and postal codes of the area of your choosing.

Just set the locale you want as shown below, and Faker will take care of the rest.

Faker::Config.locale = 'es'
# or
Faker::Config.locale = :es

Note: Overriding the default locale might not be thread-safe. See Locale setting can be ignored #2563 for more details.

To override Faker's locales, check out the locales README.

Minitest and Faker >= 2.22

To prevent Faker (version >= 2.22) from generating duplicate values when using Minitest, you might need to add the following to the test_helper.rb or rails_helper.rb file:

  Faker::Config.random = Random.new

See Issue #2534 for more details.

Generators

This is the full list of generators available with this gem. If you need details about any of them, make sure to consult the documentation.

NOTE: Some of the generators below aren't released yet. If you want to use them, change the line in your gemfile to:

gem 'faker', :git => 'https://github.com/faker-ruby/faker.git', :branch => 'main'
Default Blockchain Books Fantasy Creature Games Japanese Media Movies Music Quotes Sports Tv Shows

Contributing

If you have problems, please create a GitHub Issue.

Take a look at the Contributing document for instructions on setting up the repo on your machine, understanding the codebase, and creating a good pull request.

There is a Discord channel to discuss anything regarding improvements or feature requests.

Thank you, contributors!

Versioning

Faker follows Semantic Versioning 2.0 as defined at https://semver.org.

License

This code is free to use under the terms of the MIT license.