The project is in a healthy, maintained state
A fluentd output plugin created by Splunk that writes events to splunk indexers over HTTP Event Collector API.
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 Dependencies

Development

~> 2.0
~> 5.0
>= 12.0
~> 0.16.1
~> 3.0
~> 3.5.0

Runtime

 Project Readme

fluent-plugin-splunk-hec

Fluentd output plugin to send events and metrics to Splunk in 2 modes:

  1. Via Splunk's HEC (HTTP Event Collector) API
  2. Via the Splunk Cloud Services (SCS) Ingest API

Installation

RubyGems

$ gem install fluent-plugin-splunk-hec

Bundler

Add following line to your Gemfile:

gem "fluent-plugin-splunk-hec"

And then execute:

$ bundle

Configuration

Example 1: Minimum HEC Configuration

<match **>
  @type splunk_hec
  hec_host 12.34.56.78
  hec_port 8088
  hec_token 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000
</match>

This example is very basic, it just tells the plugin to send events to Splunk HEC on https://12.34.56.78:8088 (https is the default protocol), using the HEC token 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000. It will use whatever index, source, sourcetype are configured in HEC. And the host of each event is the hostname of the machine which running fluentd.

Example 2: SCS Ingest Configuration example

<match **>
@type splunk_ingest_api
service_client_identifier xxxxxxxx
service_client_secret_key xxxx-xxxxx
token_endpoint /token
ingest_auth_host auth.scp.splunk.com
ingest_api_host api.scp.splunk.com
ingest_api_tenant <mytenant>
ingest_api_events_endpoint /<mytenant>/ingest/v1beta2/events
debug_http false
</match>

This example shows the configuration to be used for sending events to ingest API. This configuration shows how to use service_client_identifier, service_client_secret_key to get token from token_endpoint and send events to ingest_api_host for the tenant ingest_api_tenant at the endpoint ingest_api_events_endpoint. The debug_http flag indicates whether the user wants to print debug logs to stdout.

Example 3: Overwrite HEC defaults

<match **>
  @type splunk_hec
  hec_host 12.34.56.78
  hec_port 8088
  hec_token 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000

  index awesome
  source ${tag}
  sourcetype _json
</match>

This configuration will

  • send all events to the awesome index, and
  • set their source to the event tags. ${tag} is a special value which will be replaced by the event tags, and
  • set their sourcetype to _json.

Sometimes you want to use the values from the input event for these parameters, this is where the *_key parameters help.

<match **>
  ...omitting other parameters...

  source_key file_path
</match>

In this example (in order to keep it concise, we just omitted the repeating parameters, and we will keep doing so in the following examples), it uses the source_key config to set the source of event to the value of the event's file_path field. Given an input event like

{"file_path": "/var/log/splunk.log", "message": "This is an exmaple.", "level": "info"}

Then the source for this event will be "/var/log/splunk.log". And the "file_path" field will be removed from the input event, so what you will eventually get ingested in Splunk is:

{"message": "This is an example.", "level": "info"}

If you want to keep "file_path" in the event, you can use keep_keys.

Besides source_key there are also other *_key parameters, check the parameters details below.

Example 4: Sending metrics

Metrics is available since Splunk 7.0.0, you can use this output plugin to send events as metrics to a Splunk metric index by setting data_type to "metric".

<match **>
  @type splunk_hec
  data_type metric
  hec_host 12.34.56.78
  hec_port 8088
  hec_token 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000
</match>

With this configuration, the plugin will treat each input event as a collection of metrics, i.e. each key-value pair in the event is a metric name-value pair. For example, given an input event like

{"cpu/usage": 0.5, "cpu/rate": 10, "memory/usage": 100, "memory/rss": 90}

then 4 metrics will be sent to splunk.

If the input events are not like this, instead they have the metric name and metric value as properties of the event. Then you can use metric_name_key and metric_value_key. Given an input event like

{"metric": "cpu/usage", "value": 0.5, "app": "web_ui"}

You should change the configuration to

<match **>
  @type splunk_hec
  data_type metric
  hec_host 12.34.56.78
  hec_port 8088
  hec_token 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000

  metric_name_key metric
  metric_value_key value
</match>

All other properties of the input (in this example, "app"), will be sent as dimensions of the metric. You can use the <fields> section to customize the dimensions.

Type of plugin

@type

This value must be set to splunk_hec when using HEC API and to splunk_ingest_api when using the ingest API. Only one type either splunk_hec or splunk_ingest_api is expected to be used when configuring this plugin.

Parameters for splunk_hec

protocol (enum) (optional)

This is the protocol to use for calling the HEC API. Available values are: http, https. This parameter is set to https by default.

hec_host (string) (required)

The hostname/IP for the HEC token or the HEC load balancer.

hec_port (integer) (optional)

The port number for the HEC token or the HEC load balancer. The default value is 8088.

hec_token (string) (required)

Identifier for the HEC token.

metrics_from_event (bool) (optional)

When data_type is set to "metric", the ingest API will treat every key-value pair in the input event as a metric name-value pair. Set metrics_from_event to false to disable this behavior and use metric_name_key and metric_value_key to define metrics. The default value is true.

metric_name_key (string) (optional)

Field name that contains the metric name. This parameter only works in conjunction with the metrics_from_event paramter. When this prameter is set, the metrics_from_event parameter is automatically set to false.

metric_value_key (string) (optional)

Field name that contains the metric value, this parameter is required when metric_name_key is configured.

coerce_to_utf8 (bool) (optional)

Indicates whether to allow non-UTF-8 characters in user logs. If set to true, any non-UTF-8 character is replaced by the string specified in non_utf8_replacement_string. If set to false, the Ingest API errors out any non-UTF-8 characters. This parameter is set to true by default.

non_utf8_replacement_string (string) (optional)

If coerce_to_utf8 is set to true, any non-UTF-8 character is replaced by the string you specify in this parameter. The parameter is set to ' ' by default.

Parameters for splunk_ingest_api

service_client_identifier: (optional) (string)

Splunk uses the client identifier to make authorized requests to the ingest API.

service_client_secret_key: (string)

The client identifier uses this authorization to make requests to the ingest API.

token_endpoint: (string)

This value indicates which endpoint Splunk should look to for the authorization token necessary for requests to the ingest API.

ingest_api_host: (string)

Indicates which url/hostname to use for requests to the ingest API.

ingest_api_tenant: (string)

Indicates which tenant Splunk should use for requests to the ingest API.

ingest_api_events_endpoint: (string)

Indicates which endpoint to use for requests to the ingest API.

debug_http: (bool)

Set to True if you want to debug requests and responses to ingest API. Default is false.

Parameters for both splunk_hec and splunk_ingest_api

index (string) (optional)

Identifier for the Splunk index to be used for indexing events. If this parameter is not set,
the indexer is chosen by HEC. Cannot set both index and index_key parameters at the same time.

index_key (string) (optional)

The field name that contains the Splunk index name. Cannot set both index and index_key parameters at the same time.

host (string) (optional)

The host location for events. Cannot set both host and host_key parameters at the same time.
If the parameter is not set, the default value is the hostname of the machine runnning fluentd.

host_key (string) (optional)

Key for the host location. Cannot set both host and host_key parameters at the same time.

source (string) (optional)

The source field for events. If this parameter is not set, the source will be decided by HEC.
Cannot set both source and source_key parameters at the same time.

source_key (string) (optional)

Field name to contain source. Cannot set both source and source_key parameters at the same time.

sourcetype (string) (optional)

The sourcetype field for events. When not set, the sourcetype is decided by HEC.
Cannot set both source and source_key parameters at the same time.

sourcetype_key (string) (optional)

Field name that contains the sourcetype. Cannot set both source and source_key parameters at the same time.

time_key (string) (optional)

Field name to contain Splunk event time. By default will use fluentd'd time.

fields (init) (optional)

Lets you specify the index-time fields for the event data type, or metric dimensions for the metric data type. Null value fields are removed.

keep_keys (boolean) (Optional)

By default, all the fields used by the *_key parameters are removed from the original input events. To change this behavior, set this parameter to true. This parameter is set to false by default. When set to true, all fields defined in index_key, host_key, source_key, sourcetype_key, metric_name_key, and metric_value_key are saved in the original event.

<fields> section (optional) (single)

Depending on the value of data_type parameter, the parameters inside the <fields> section have different meanings. Despite the meaning, the syntax for parameters is unique.

app_name (string) (Optional)

Splunk app name using this plugin (default to hec_plugin_gem)

app_version (string) (Optional)

The version of Splunk app using this this plugin (default to plugin version)

When data_type is event

In this case, parameters inside <fields> are used as indexed fields and removed from the original input events. Please see the "Add a "fields" property at the top JSON level" here for details. Given we have configuration like

<match **>
  @type splunk_hec
  ...omitting other parameters...

  <fields>
    file
    level
    app application
  </fields>
</match>

and an input event like

{"application": "webServer", "file": "server.rb", "lineNo": 100, "level": "info", "message": "Request finished in 30ms."}

Then the HEC request JSON payload will be:

{
   // omitting other fields
   // ...
   "event": "{\"lineNo\": 100, \"message\": \"Request finished in 30ms.\"}",
   "fields": {
     "file": "server.rb",
     "level": "info",
     "app": "webServer"
   }
}

As you can see, parameters inside <fields> section can be a key-value pair or just a key (a name). If a parameter is a key-value, the key will be the name of the field inside the "fields" JSON object, whereas the value is the field name of the input event. So a key-value pair is a rename.

If a parameter has just a key, it means its value is exactly the same as the key.

When data_type is metric

For metrics, parameters inside <fields> are used as dimensions. If <fields> is not presented, the original input event will be used as dimensions. If an empty <fields></fields> is presented, no dimension is sent. For example, given the following configuration:

<match **>
  @type splunk_hec
  data_type metric
  ...omitting other parameters...

  metric_name_key name
  metric_value_key value
  <fields>
    file
    level
    app application
  </fields>
</match>

and the following input event:

{"application": "webServer", "file": "server.rb", "value": 100, "status": "OK", "message": "Normal", "name": "CPU Usage"}

Then, a metric of "CPU Usage" with value=100, along with 3 dimensions file="server.rb", status="OK", and app="webServer" are sent to Splunk.

<format> section (optional) (multiple)

The <format> section let you define which formatter to use to format events. By default, it uses the json formatter.

Besides the @type parameter, you should define the other parameters for the formatter inside this section.

Multiple <format> sections can be defined to use different formatters for different tags. Each <format> section accepts an argument just like the <match> section does to define tag matching. By default, every event is formatted with json. For example:

<match **>
  @type splunk_hec
  ...

  <format sometag.**>
    @type single_value
    message_key log
  </format>

  <format some.othertag>
    @type csv
    fields ["some", "fields"]
  </format>

This example:

  • Formats events with tags that start with sometag. with the single_value formatter
  • Formats events with tags some.othertag with the csv formatter
  • Formats all other events with the json formatter (the default formatter)

If you want to use a different default formatter, you can add a <format **> (or <format>) section.

@type (string) (required)

Specifies which formatter to use.

Net::HTTP::Persistent parameters (optional)

The following parameters can be used for tuning HTTP connections:

idle_timeout (integer)

The default is five seconds. If a connection has not been used for five seconds, it is automatically reset at next use, in order to avoid attempting to send to a closed connection. Specifiy nil to prohibit any timeouts.

read_timeout (integer)

The amount of time allowed between reading two chunks from the socket. The default value is nil, which means no timeout.

open_timeout (integer)

The amount of time to wait for a connection to be opened. The default is nil, which means no timeout.

SSL parameters

The following optional parameters let you configure SSL for HTTPS protocol.

client_cert (string)

The path to a file containing a PEM-format CA certificate for this client.

client_key (string)

The private key for this client.

ca_file (string)

The path to a file containing a PEM-format CA certificate.

ca_path (string)

The path to a directory containing CA certificates in PEM format.

ciphers (array)

List of SSl ciphers allowed.

insecure_ssl (bool)

Specifies whether an insecure SSL connection is allowed. If set to false, Splunk does not verify an insecure server certificate. This parameter is set to false by default. Ensure parameter ca_file is not configured in order to allow insecure SSL connections when this value is set to true.

require_ssl_min_version (bool)

When set to true, TLS version 1.1 and above is required.

consume_chunk_on_4xx_errors (bool)

Specifies whether any 4xx HTTP response status code consumes the buffer chunks. If set to false, Splunk will fail to flush the buffer on such status codes. This parameter is set to true by default for backwards compatibility.

About Buffer

This plugin sends events to HEC using batch mode. It batches all events in a chunk in one request. So you need to configure the <buffer> section carefully to gain the best performance. Here are some hints:

  • Read through the fluentd buffer document to understand the buffer configurations.
  • Use chunk_limit_size and/or chunk_limit_records to define how big a chunk can be. And remember that all events in a chunk will be sent in one request.
  • Splunk has a limit on how big the payload of a HEC request can be. And it's defined with max_content_length in the [http_input] section of limits.conf. In Splunk of version 6.5.0+, the default value is 800MiB, while in versions before 6.5.0, it's just 1MB. Make sure your chunk size won't exceed this limit, or you should change the limit on your Splunk deployment.
  • Sending requests to HEC takes time, so if you flush your fluentd buffer too fast (for example, with a very small flush_interval), it's possible that the plugin cannot catch up with the buffer flushing. There are two ways you can handle this situation, one is to increase the flush_interval or use multiple flush threads by setting flush_thread_count to a number bigger than 1.

License

Please see LICENSE.