For the most complete, user-friendly documentation, see the FriendlyId Guide.
FriendlyId is the "Swiss Army bulldozer" of slugging and permalink plugins for Active Record. It lets you create pretty URLs and work with human-friendly strings as if they were numeric ids.
With FriendlyId, it's easy to make your application use URLs like:
Ask questions on Stack Overflow using the "friendly-id" tag, and for bugs have a look at the bug section
FriendlyId offers many advanced features, including:
- slug history and versioning
- scoped slugs
- reserved words
- custom slug generators
Add this line to your application's Gemfile:
gem 'friendly_id', '~> 5.4.0'
Note: You MUST use 5.0.0 or greater for Rails 4.0+.
And then execute:
slug column to the desired table (e.g.
rails g migration AddSlugToUsers slug:uniq
Generate the friendly configuration file and a new migration
rails generate friendly_id
Note: You can delete the
CreateFriendlyIdSlugs migration if you won't use the slug history feature. (Read more)
Run the migration scripts
app/models/user.rb file as the following:
class User < ApplicationRecord extend FriendlyId friendly_id :name, use: :slugged end
app/controllers/users_controller.rb file and replace
class UserController < ApplicationController def show @user = User.friendly.find(params[:id]) end end
Now when you create a new user like the following:
User.create! name: "Joe Schmoe"
You can then access the user show page using the URL http://localhost:3000/users/joe-schmoe.
If you're adding FriendlyId to an existing app and need to generate slugs for existing users, do this from the console, runner, or add a Rake task:
You can pass
allow_nil: true to the
friendly.find() method if you're want to
ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound and accept a
MyModel.friendly.find("bad-slug") # where bad-slug is not a valid slug MyModel.friendly.find(123) # where 123 is not a valid primary key ID MyModel.friendly.find(nil) # maybe you have a variable/param that's potentially nil #=> raise ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound MyModel.friendly.find("bad-slug", allow_nil: true) MyModel.friendly.find(123, allow_nil: true) MyModel.friendly.find(nil, allow_nil: true) #=> nil
Please report them on the Github issue tracker for this project.
If you have a bug to report, please include the following information:
- Version information for FriendlyId, Rails and Ruby.
- Full stack trace and error message (if you have them).
- Any snippets of relevant model, view or controller code that shows how you are using FriendlyId.
If you are able to, it helps even more if you can fork FriendlyId on Github, and add a test that reproduces the error you are experiencing.
For more inspiration on how to report bugs, please see this article.
Thanks and Credits
FriendlyId was originally created by Norman Clarke and Adrian Mugnolo, with significant help early in its life by Emilio Tagua. It is now maintained by Norman Clarke and Philip Arndt.
We're deeply grateful for the generous contributions over the years from many volunteers.
Copyright (c) 2008-2020 Norman Clarke and contributors, released under the MIT license.
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.