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jahuty

0.0
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 Project Readme

CircleCI codecov Ruby Style Guide

jahuty-ruby

Welcome to the Ruby SDK for Jahuty's API!

Installation

This library requires Ruby 2.6+.

It is multi-platform, and we strive to make it run equally well on Windows, Linux, and OSX.

To install, add this line to your application's Gemfile and run bundle install:

gem 'jahuty', '~> 3.3'

Usage

Instantiate the client with your API key and use snippets.render to render your snippet:

jahuty = Jahuty::Client.new(api_key: 'YOUR_API_KEY')

puts jahuty.snippets.render YOUR_SNIPPET_ID

You can access the render's content with to_s or content:

jahuty = Jahuty::Client.new(api_key: 'YOUR_API_KEY')

render = jahuty.snippets.render YOUR_SNIPPET_ID

a = render.to_s

b = render.content

a == b  # returns true

In an HTML view:

<%- jahuty = Jahuty::Client.new(api_key: 'YOUR_API_KEY') -%>
<!doctype html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Awesome example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <%== jahuty.snippets.render YOUR_SNIPPET_ID %>
</body>

You can also use tags to render a collection of snippets with the snippets.all_renders method:

jahuty = Jahuty::Client.new(api_key: 'YOUR_API_KEY')

renders = jahuty.snippets.all_renders 'YOUR_TAG'

renders.each { |render| puts render }

Rendering content

You can use the prefer_latest configuration option to render a snippet's latest content to your team in development and its published content to your customers in production.

By default, Jahuty will render a snippet's published content, the content that existed the last time someone clicked the "Publish" button, to avoid exposing your creative process to customers.

To render a snippet's latest content, the content that currently exists in the editor, you can use the prefer_latest configuration option at the library or render level:

jahuty = Jahuty::Client.new api_key: 'YOUR_API_KEY', prefer_latest: true

You can also prefer the latest content (or not) for a single render:

# Render the _published_ content for all snippets...
jahuty = Jahuty::Client.new api_key: 'YOUR_API_KEY'

# ... except, render the _latest_ content for this one.
jahuty.snippets.render YOUR_SNIPPET_ID, prefer_latest: true

Passing dynamic parameters

You can use the same snippet to generate different content by defining variables in your snippets and setting their values via parameters.

Snippet parameters

Use the params option to pass parameters into your snippet:

jahuty = Jahuty::Client.new(api_key: 'YOUR_API_KEY')

jahuty.snippets.render YOUR_SNIPPET_ID, params: { foo: 'bar' }

The parameters above would be equivalent to assigning the following variable in your snippet:

{% assign foo = "bar" %}

Collection parameters

Collection parameters use a slightly different syntax.

If you're rendering a collection, the first dimension of the params key determines the parameters' scope. Use an asterisk key (*) to pass the same parameters to all snippets, or use a snippet id as key to pass parameters to a specific snippet.

jahuty = Jahuty::Client.new(api_key: 'YOUR_API_KEY')

jahuty.snippets.all_renders 'YOUR_TAG', params: {
  '*' => { foo: 'bar' },
  '1' => { baz: 'qux' }
}

This will pass the params { foo: 'bar' } to all snippets, except for snippet 1, which will be passed { foo: 'bar', baz: 'qux' }.

The two parameter lists will be merged recursively, and parameters for a specific snippet will take precedence over parameters for all snippets. For example, the parameter foo will be assigned the value "bar" for all snippets, except for snippet 1, where it will be assigned the value "qux":

jahuty = Jahuty::Client.new(api_key: 'YOUR_API_KEY')

jahuty.snippets.all_renders 'YOUR_TAG', params: {
  '*' => { foo: 'bar' },
  '1' => { foo: 'qux' }
}

Caching for performance

You can use caching to control how frequently this library requests the latest content from Jahuty's API.

  • When content is in development (i.e., frequently changing and low traffic), you can use the default in-memory store to view content changes instantaneously with slower response times.
  • When content is in production (i.e., more stable and high traffic), you can use persistent caching to update content less frequently and improve your application's response time.

Caching in memory (default)

By default, this library uses an in-memory cache to avoid requesting the same render more than once during the same request lifecycle. For example:

jahuty = Jahuty::Client.new(api_key: 'YOUR_API_KEY')

# This call will send a synchronous API request; cache the result in memory;
# and, return the result to the caller.
render1 = jahuty.snippets.render YOUR_SNIPPET_ID

# This call skips sending an API request and uses the cached value instead.
render2 = jahuty.snippets.render YOUR_SNIPPET_ID

The in-memory cache only persists for the duration of the original request, however. At the end of the request's lifecycle, the cache will be discarded. To store renders across requests, you need a persistent cache.

Caching persistently

A persistent cache allows renders to be cached across multiple requests. This reduces the number of synchronous network requests to Jahuty's API and improves your application's average response time.

To configure Jahuty to use your persistent cache, pass a cache implementation to the client via the cache configuration option:

jahuty = new Jahuty::Client.new(
  api_key: 'YOUR_API_KEY',
  cache: cache
)

The persistent cache implementation you choose and configure is up to you. There are many libraries available, and most frameworks provide their own. At this time, we support any object which responds to get(key)/set(key, value, expires_in:) or read(key)/write(key, value, expires_in:) including ActiveSupport::Cache::Store.

Expiring

There are three methods for configuring this library's :expires_in, the amount of time between when a render is stored and when it's considered stale. From lowest-to-highest precedence, the methods are:

  1. configuring your caching implementation,
  2. configuring this library's default :expires_in, and
  3. configuring a render's :expires_in.

Configuring your caching implementation

You can usually configure your caching implementation with a default :expires_in. If no other :expires_in is configured, this library will defer to the caching implementation's default :expires_in.

Configuring this library's default :expires_in

You can configure a default :expires_in for all of this library's renders by passing an integer number of seconds via the client's :expires_in configuration option:

jahuty = Jahuty::Client.new(
  api_key: 'YOUR_API_KEY',
  cache: cache,
  expires_in: 60  # <- Cache all renders for sixty seconds
)

If this library's default :expires_in is set, it will take precedence over the default :expires_in of the caching implementation.

Configuring a render's :expires_in

You can configure :expires_in for individual renders by passing an integer number of seconds via the render method's :expires_in configuration option:

# Cache all renders 300 seconds (five minutes).
jahuty = Jahuty::Client.new(api_key: 'YOUR_API_KEY', cache: cache, expires_in: 300)

# Except, cache this render for 60 seconds.
render = jahuty.snippets.render YOUR_SNIPPET_ID, expires_in: 60

# Except, cache the renders in this collection for 120 seconds.
render = jahuty.snippets.all_renders 'YOUR_TAG', expires_in: 120

If a render's :expires_in is set, it will take precedence over the library's default :expires_in and the caching implementation's :expires_in.

Caching collections

By default, this library will cache each render returned by all_renders:

jahuty = Jahuty::Client.new(api_key: 'YOUR_API_KEY', cache: cache)

# Sends a network request, caches each render, and returns the collection.
jahuty.snippets.all_renders 'YOUR_TAG';

# If this reder exists in the collection, the cached value will be used instead
# of sending a network request for the latest version.
jahuty.snippets.render YOUR_SNIPPET_ID;

This is a powerful feature, especially when combined with a persistent cache. Using the all_renders method, you can render and cache an arbitrarily large chunk of content with a single network request. Because any subsequent call to render a snippet in the collection will use its cached version, you can reduce the number of network requests to load your content.

This method is even more powerful when combined with an asynchronous background job. When all_renders can be called outside your request cycle periodically, you can turn your cache into your content storage mechanism. You can render and cache dynamic content as frequently as you like without any hit to your application's response time.

Disabling caching

You can disable caching, even the default in-memory caching, by passing an :expires_in of zero (0) or a negative integer (e.g., -1) via any of the methods described above. For example:

# Disable all caching.
jahuty1 = Jahuty::Client.new(api_key: 'YOUR_API_KEY', expires_in: 0)

# Disable caching for this render.
jahuty2 = Jahuty::Client.new(api_key: 'YOUR_API_KEY', expires_in: 60)
jahuty2.snippets.render 1, expires_in: 0

Handling errors

If an error occurs with Jahuty's API, a Jahuty::Exception::Error will be raised:

begin
  jahuty = Jahuty::Client.new(api_key: 'YOUR_API_KEY')
  jahuty.snippets.render YOUR_SNIPPET_ID
rescue Jahuty::Exception::Error => e
  # The API returned an error. See the error's problem for details.
  puts e.problem.type    # a URL to more information
  puts e.problem.status  # the status code
  puts e.problem.detail  # a description of the error
end

That's it!

Contributing

Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub.

License

The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.