No commit activity in last 3 years
No release in over 3 years
There's a lot of open issues
RSpecHive let you test your hive queries connecting to hive instance installed on docker


~> 0.8.0
~> 1.6
>= 10.0, < 13.0
~> 3.0
~> 3.4
 Project Readme

Build Status Dependency Status Code Climate Test Coverage Issue Count


rspec-hive is a utility gem to help you write beautiful rspec tests for hive queries. The idea is simple - you just launch a docker machine with hadoop and hive installed. To test a query you create a simple RSpec file and extend it with RSpec::Hive::WithHiveConnection.

We have prepared a few simple rake tasks that will let you create sample config file, download correct docker image and run docker container with proper parameters.


Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'rspec-hive'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install rspec-hive

Configuring tests

Config file

To run tests on docker you will need a configurtion file that will let you put up a docker container and maintain your connection to this container from tests. You can do this manually and provide just a path to file, but we have also prepared special rake tasks to help you out. Try running:

$ rake spec:hive:config:generate_default

It will create rspec-hive.yml in your current directory. You can of course pass some parameters to this rake task doing something like:

$ rake spec:hive:config:generate_default HOST= PORT=5032

You can specify following arguments:

  • HOST - ip of docker container
  • PORT - port to connect to docker
  • HOST_SHARED_DIR - directory on your local machine that docker will share
  • DOCKER_SHARED_DIR - directory on your docker container that will be shared with your local machine
  • HIVE_VERSION - version of hive
  • CONFIG_FILE_DIR - directory where to put generated config file
  • CONFIG_FILE_NAME - name of the config file that will be generated

Watch out: in some cases Rspec hive may look for config files in e.g. you're current/root directory, not in config/ folder. Make sure you've got correct config in the directory used by the gem.

Installing Docker

Detailed instruction may be found on

Once docker is sucessfully installed on your machine you can verify if it works by using docker command. In case of error such as Cannot connect to the Docker daemon. Is the docker daemon running on this host? make sure you added your user to the docker group, you can do this using sudo usermod -aG docker username on Linux or eval "$(docker-machine env default)" on OSX.

On Linux you can run the docker daemon by using: sudo docker daemon -D -g /mnt

Docker image

Once you have generated a config file you should download to your local machine proper docker image. You can create your own docker image. However if you would like to use ours just run:

$ rake spec:hive:docker:download_image

It will download nielsensocial/hive from dockerhub. You can change Docker's storage base directory (where container and images go) using the -goption when starting the Docker daemon. If you have another image you can also use this rake task and provide special argument:

  • DOCKER_IMAGE_NAME - image name that should be pulled

Running docker container

You should now be ready to run your docker container. To do this run:

$ rake spec:hive:docker:run

This command will run docker container using default config rspec-hive.yml and default docker image nielsensocial/hive. You can pass arguments like:

  • CONFIG_FILE - name of config file to use
  • DOCKER_IMAGE_NAME - docker image to use

You are ready now to run your tests.

Docker utils

To check container id

$ docker ps

To attach to output of hive

$ docker attach <docker-container-id>

To run bash terminal on docker

$ docker exec -it <docker-container-id> bash

Hive utils

When you are on hive and you have set up JAVA_HOME and HADOOP_HOME directories you might find usefull the tool named beeline. It should be present in your hive directory in bin folder (if you are using ours nielsensocial/hive when you run bash terminal on docker container this directory could be entered by calling cd $HIVE_HOME/bin). There you can run:

$ ./beeline

And in the presented console connect by jdbc to hive:

beeline> !connect jdbc:hive2://localhost:10000 org.apache.hive.jdbc.HiveDriver


In examples/ directory we have prepared a simple query. It is available in query_spec.rb file. Notice how we configure rspec-hive by using:

require_relative 'config_helper'

Where we invoke:

RSpec::Hive.configure(File.join(__dir__, '/config.yml'))

Loading udfs

bundle exec rake "spec:hive:docker:load_udfs[path_to_udf_on_s3]"

By default udfs will be loaded to docker_shared_directory_path.


Please remember docker does not remove containers automatically, use docker ps -a to list all unused containers.



Updated dockerfile to build container with hive 2.1.1 on Hadoop 2.7.3. Moved hive config to config file, default hive config is no longer provided, except for default config file generated using rake task.


  1. Fork it ([my-github-username]/rspec-hive/fork )
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create a new Pull Request